Dominican Republic Geography and Climate

Rest in the Dominican Republic is not only prestigious, but also more than pleasant. The gentle sea with a colorful underwater world, sandy beaches, scorching sun all year round, diverse flora and fauna – this is just a paradise for tourists tired of the bustle of the city and a real holiday for children. After a trip to the Dominican Republic, you can proudly say that you were at the highest point of all the Antilles, drank the highest quality rum and saw real whales.

The main seasons in the Dominican Republic are from December to April and from June to September.

The official language of the Dominican Republic is Spanish. On the border with Haiti, many people still speak French. English, German and Italian are common in tourist areas.

Geography in Dominican Republic

According to top-engineering-schools, the Dominican Republic is located on the island of Haiti. From the west it borders on the state of Haiti, in the north it is washed by the Atlantic Ocean. On the eastern coast is the Mona Strait, which separates it from the island of Puerto Rico, in the south it is washed by the Caribbean Sea. The country covers an area of 48.7 sq. km. The relief is mostly mountainous, the highest point is Mount Duarte (3175 m). Lowlands stretch along the coast, and in the north is the Cibao Valley, where most of the country’s population lives. The lowest place within the country is Lake Enriquiio (42 m below sea level), this lake is also the largest, the longest river is Yaque del Norte (296 km).

Climate in Dominican Republic

The climate in the Dominican Republic is maritime tropical. Throughout the year, the relative humidity of the air is high – 70-80%. The hottest months are the summer months and September, throughout the country temperatures at this time reach +32..+34 degrees, at night they do not fall below +22 degrees. In the remaining months, it is around +30 degrees during the day, and +18..+20 at night. It is a little cooler in the mountains; in winter, at night, slightly negative temperatures are sometimes observed. The greatest amount of precipitation falls in May and November. The average annual rainfall is 1000-1500 mm, the windward slopes of the mountains receive up to 2000 mm of precipitation, and it is driest on the southern coast. At the end of summer, typhoons are frequent in the Dominican Republic, the approach of which is reported by local media.

The water temperature throughout the year does not fall below +26 degrees.

Best time to visit:
The main seasons in the Dominican Republic are from December to April and from June to September.


On the southwest coast of the Dominican Republic, stretching on the Pedernales peninsula, a hot arid climate prevails, so it is not as picturesque as other coastal regions of the country. The peninsula is occupied by the reserved Sierra de Baoruco mountains with tropical rainforests that descend to the deserted Caribbean coast.

On the eastern coast of the Pedernales peninsula is the city of Barahona. It is the main port on the southwest coast of the Dominican Republic. South of Barahona stretch small towns with beautiful beaches San Rafael (San Rafael), Paraiso(Paraiso) and Los Patos (Los Patos). Unlike other beaches in the country, the local ones are composed of black sand. In addition, there are many interesting places in the vicinity of Barahona: the reserved mountains of the Sierra de Baoruco; the country’s largest freshwater reservoir – Laguna Rincon, or as it is also called – Cabral, where turtles and pink flamingos live; deposits of the famous ornamental stone larimar; and the deep mountain gorge of Joyo de Pelempito, whose slopes are covered with pine forests.

At the southern tip of the Pedernales peninsula and on the water area adjacent to the coast, in an area of 1374 sq. km stretches Jaragua National Park (Jaragua national park) – the largest national park in the country. More than 100 species of birds, various reptiles, a dozen species of bats live in the park, and manatees and dolphins are found in coastal waters. In the eastern part of the park is Lake Laguna Oviedo (Laguna Oviedo), on the banks of which the largest flamingo colony in the country settles. The lake and its shores are also home to turtles and rare species of iguanas. On the west coast of the park near the town of Pedernales, one of the most beautiful beaches in the region stretches – the deserted beach of Bahia de las Aguilas (Bay of Eagles). The park also includes two uninhabited islands – Beata (Beata island) and Alto Velo (Alto Velo island), which is the southernmost point of the Dominican Republic. On the island of Beata, caves with ancient drawings of the Taino Indians are interesting, and on the island of Alto Velo, the smallest lizard in the world lives – a miniature gecko, no more than 2 cm long. The city of San Cristobal is also interesting

on the southwestern coast of the Dominican Republic. – Birthplace of the dictator Trujillo. It is located east of the Pedernales peninsula, about 30 km from the country’s capital. In its vicinity is the Anthropological Reserve of El Pomer (El Pomier anthropological reserve). The reserve was created to protect dozens of local caves, which contain the largest collection of rock art from 2000 years ago. There are about 6,000 drawings and pictographs in the caves left by the ancient inhabitants of the Antilles – Taino Indians, Caribs and Igneri. In addition, in the vicinity of San Cristobal, the beach of Punta Palenque and the coastal sand dunes of the town of Bani, located to the west, are of interest.

Dominican Republic Geography