Denmark Geography and Climate

Denmark is the smallest of the Scandinavian countries, but there are many historical sights on its territory, dating back to the Viking Age. Denmark is the birthplace of the world-famous storyteller Hans Christian Andersen and navigator Vitus Bering. There are quiet cozy sandy beaches, picturesque lakes, on the coast you can see fjords and cliffs hanging over the water. Every city in Denmark is full of medieval palaces and castles surrounded by parks. Everyone has heard about the Danish Legoland and the Louis Tussauds wax museum and would certainly like to visit it.

The best time to visit Denmark is in July or August.

The official language of the country is Danish. German is also spoken in the southern part of Jutland.

Geography in Denmark

According to top-engineering-schools, Denmark belongs to the Scandinavian countries. It is located on the Jutland Peninsula, the country’s mainland area is 43,093 square meters. km. The country also owns the island of Greenland and the Faroe Islands and 406 other small islands. Denmark on land borders only with Germany, the maritime border with Germany passes through the Kiel Bay, the Fehmarn Belt and the Baltic Sea, in the east Denmark borders on Sweden along the ├śresund and Kattegat straits, and in the north the Skagerrak separates Denmark from Norway.

The relief is dominated by hilly plains. The country’s highest point is Mount Yding-Skovhoy in eastern Jutland (173 m), while the lowest point (12 m below sea level) is on the western coast of Jutland. The east coast is heavily indented with many fjords, while the west and north coasts are mostly sandy beaches.

Climate in Denmark

The climate of the continental part of Denmark is temperate maritime. It is softened by the warm current of the Gulf Stream. In winter, during the daytime, the air temperature is about 0 degrees, at night there are slight frosts – up to -2 degrees. Summer is clear warm weather, the hottest month is July. Daytime temperatures in July are +18..+20 degrees, and nighttime temperatures are about 11..13 degrees. The average annual rainfall ranges from 800 mm on the west coast of Jutland to 450 mm on the coast of the Great Belt, in the east of the country. The maximum amount of precipitation will fall in the period from July to October, their maximum amount falls on September (from 90 mm in the west to 40 mm in the east).

Best time to visit:
The best time to visit Denmark is in July or August.

Types of Tourism in Denmark


There are many beaches along the Danish coastline. Since this is a northern country, the water warms up here even in summer to only 16 degrees Celsius. Because of this, a beach holiday involves sunbathing and relaxation. The most suitable places for a beach holiday are the northern and eastern coasts of the island of Zealand, the resort town of Kerteminne on the island of Funen, the resort village of Skagen and the southern part of the island of Bonholm. It should be noted that the Danes love to sunbathe without bathing suits, so nudist beaches are quite common.


Denmark popular among fans of wreck diving, because there are many ships in the waters of the seas surrounding the country, especially in the Baltic Sea. Visibility here is up to 20 meters, and the diving depth is up to 40 meters. Divers are not allowed to take anything from ships that have been submerged for over 100 years, this is illegal.

Divers need to be careful, because the local coastal waters often have strong currents that can carry them to the open sea, so the dive must be monitored from the ground or from a boat.


Most of Denmark ‘s lakes are located in the central part of the country, and around the city of Silkeborg lies the picturesque Lake District National Park. Pike, perch, trout are found in the lakes, so most often tourists go here for fishing. Fishing is also possible in the sea. In coastal waters, cod, mackerel, and flounder are most common. In many Danish ports, fishing boats are available to fishermen for sport fishing on the high seas for a moderate fee. Sea fishing tours are organized all year round from the ports of Copenhagen, Elsinore and Fredrikshavn.


There are historical sights in Denmark, here you can see the remains of Viking settlements, ancient castles and palaces.

Denmark Geography