Czech Republic Geography and Climate

The Czech Republic is a country of contrasts. It has both Slavic originality, and medieval stiffness, and light modernity. Even the most demanding tourist will have something to see. You can go here with your family to relax in nature or actively spend time at any ski resort, you can go with friends and see all the sights, visit medieval castles and plunge into the life of a fashionable European capital, you can improve your health at one of the medical resorts.

It is best to go to the Czech Republic in late spring (May) and early summer (June). However, September is also quite colorful here. Significantly lower prices in April and October, however, during this period there is a high probability of getting into rainy and cool weather.

The ski resorts have a rest in the height of winter – in January, February.

The official language is Czech.

Like many Slavic languages, most Czech phrases are understood by Russians. Service staff in hotels and salespeople in Czech shops can communicate in Russian.

Geography in Czech Republic

According to top-engineering-schools, the Czech Republic is conveniently located in the center of Europe. Its neighbors are countries such as Austria (in the south), Germany (in the west and northwest), Poland (in the north) and Slovakia (in the east). The relief within the country is very diverse. Low mountain ranges stretch along the borders: the Ore Mountains (1244m) – in the northwest, the Czech Forest and Shumava (1500m) – in the west and southwest, the Sudetes (1600m) – in the north, part of the Western Carpathians (1320m) – in the east. In the north-west of the country there is the Polabska lowland, and the south-eastern part captures the Middle Danube Plain, within which the valley of the Morava River stretches. Between them is the Bohemian-Moravian Upland (836m).

About 35% of the country’s territory is occupied by broad-leaved forests, the slopes of low mountains are covered with coniferous forests. On the plains you can find areas of the steppe and forest-steppe.

The largest river in the country is the Laba with a tributary of the Vltava, but in Europe it is not so big. Czechs are very careful about nature. There are many reserves on the territory of the country, 3 national parks have been created.

Climate in Czech Republic

The climate of the Czech Republic is temperate. In winter, only light frosts are possible. There is too little snow to turn into slush on the streets of the city, but there is plenty of it in the mountains for winter sports. Summer is quite warm.

The coldest month is January. The average minimum temperature at this time drops to -3…-5 degrees, the average maximum is slightly positive (0…+2). The warmest month is July. The average minimum temperature at this time is +13…+15 degrees, the maximum reaches +24…+26 degrees. The least precipitation falls between November and March (23 to 24 mm per month). The number of days with precipitation during this period is 10-11. The rainiest time of the year is May-August, in which the monthly amount of precipitation is 60-80 mm, and they fall during half the days of the month.

At ski resorts, snow lasts from November to April, the season opens, as a rule, in December. The air temperature depends on the height above sea level. In the middle part of the mountains (approximately at an altitude of 700-800 m above sea level) in the winter months (December-February) the temperature at night is -5…-10 degrees, in the daytime -2…-7 degrees. The height of snow during this period is on average from 1 to 3 meters.

Best time to visit: The best time to visit
the Czech Republic is in late spring (May) and early summer (June). However, September is also quite colorful here. Significantly lower prices in April and October, however, during this period there is a high probability of getting into rainy and cool weather.

The ski resorts have a rest in the height of winter – in January, February.

History in Czech Republic

The first name of the Czech Republic – Bohemia – was the name of one of the Celtic tribes who lived here in the 5th-4th centuries. BC. Then the Germans visited here, later – even the legionnaires of the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius. Western Slavs settled in this area around the 5th century. AD In the 10th century Bohemia became a kingdom. During its existence, it served various rulers. In 1918 After the collapse of Austria-Hungary, the Czechoslovak Republic was proclaimed. Since 1948 The government of this country was headed by communists. They got unlimited power. In 1989 during liberalization, popular unrest broke out. Moreover, in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, opposition unions have taken shape: the Civil Forum and the Public Against Violence (respectively). Soon a confrontation began between these unions and a decision was made to divide the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

Czech Republic Geography