Cyprus Geography and Climate

This country has long been loved by Russian tourists. And not in vain. Attracts a high level of service in hotels, quality food, although limited in range (holidays in Cyprus are expensive), favorable climate (many sunny days throughout the year), all municipal beaches, you can safely drink tap water in hotels, restaurants and public places.

For a beach holiday, the best time to visit is from April to May and from September to October. At this time, it is still not too hot, but you can already swim. If the purpose of the trip is skiing, then, of course, you need to go in the winter months.

The official languages are Greek and Turkish. Almost every Cypriot speaks English. There are those who know French, German. Recently, Slavic personnel who speak Russian have reached out to the country.

Geography in Cyprus

According to top-engineering-schools, Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean. In size, it is second only to Sicily and Sardinia. The length of the island from north to south is about 100 km, from west to east – about 225 km. It can be said that west and east meet on this island – its eastern part, the smaller one, belongs to Turkey, and the rest, as it were, is a continuation of Greece. But due to its proximity to the countries of Asia Minor, Cyprus is referred to as Western Asia.

Although the area of the island is small – 9.3 thousand square meters. km – on its territory you can meet mountains, and vast fields, and fertile hollows, and forests. The northern coast is mostly rocky, but the southern coast is rich in beaches with sandy coves. Mountains occupy almost half of the island. The main mountain systems of Cyprus are Kyrenia in the north and Troodos in the southwest. The highest point of the Troodos – Mount Olympus (1953 m) – is also the highest point of the island. Between the two massifs are the fertile valleys of the Mesaoria in the east and the Morphou basin in the west. There are no rivers in Cyprus that flow all year round – they all dry up somewhere at the end of spring. To solve the problem of water shortage on the island, about a hundred dams were built. In addition to artificial lakes formed by dams, Cyprus has salt lakes in Larnaca and Akotiri.

Climate in Cyprus

Cyprus belongs to the subtropical climate zone, the Mediterranean region. Winter on the island is mild and warm. The average temperature of the coldest month – January – +12 degrees on the coast and +4 degrees in mountainous areas. Most of the precipitation (70-80 mm) falls during the winter months. Spring and autumn are short. In summer, the temperature is +28 – +30 degrees in the plains and about +28 degrees in the Troodos mountains. The heat can reach +35 degrees, but by the sea it is tolerated quite easily. There is very little precipitation at this time. You can swim in the sea already in April, when the water temperature reaches +20 degrees. In August, it warms up to +28 degrees.

Snow depth in the Troodos mountains reaches 140 cm.

Best time to visit:
For a beach holiday, the best time to visit is from April to May and from September to October. At this time, it is still not too hot, but you can already swim. If the purpose of the trip is skiing, then, of course, you need to go in the winter months.

History in Cyprus

The history of Cyprus began about 9 thousand years ago. The inhabitants of those times came to the island from the shores of Syria, Palestine and Asia Minor and settled mainly on the northern and southern shores. In 3000 B.C. e. copper was discovered on the island, which brought unheard of wealth. But along with its acquisition, a turbulent time has come – the island, located at the intersection of the main trade routes, began to represent a “tidbit” that hunters have always profited from. The Greeks who brought civilization to the island were subjected to endless attacks, the Phoenicians, Assyrians, Persians, Romans, Byzantines, Latin crusaders, Venetians, Turks, British conquerors succeeded each other: the rule of some was short-lived, others ruled for centuries, but the civilization brought by the Greeks to the island did not lost its leading position. The independent Republic of Cyprus was proclaimed on August 16, 1960. However, the adopted Constitution proved to be inoperative. When amendments were proposed in 1963, the Turkish Cypriot community revolted. In July – August, Turkey, taking advantage of the confusion in the country due to a coup organized by the Greek junta, invaded the northern territories of Cyprus. She occupied about 40% of the island. To this day, the island is divided into two parts, but the Turkish-Cypriot state is not recognized by any country except Turkey. She occupied about 40% of the island. To this day, the island is divided into two parts, but the Turkish-Cypriot state is not recognized by any country except Turkey. She occupied about 40% of the island. To this day, the island is divided into two parts, but the Turkish-Cypriot state is not recognized by any country except Turkey.

Cyprus Geography

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