Cuba Geography and Climate

Cuba is a country of eternal summer, its sandy beaches, colorful underwater world and vibrant nature attract a huge number of tourists. This is the birthplace of the world’s best tobacco, rum and sugar, the only socialist republic in the Western Hemisphere, a country with a long history that still defended its independence. Numerous natural reserves are combined here with beaches crowded with people, the socialist system of the country is combined with a free, freedom-loving people. Visiting Cuba, you will never forget the soft sea, the rhythms of salsa and the taste of the Cuba Libre cocktail.

The season in Cuba runs from November to April. This is the time when rainfall is the least and not so hot, in July and August the beaches are crowded with locals.

The official language of Cuba is Spanish, but staff in hotels and tourist areas also speak English.

Geography in Cuba

According to top-engineering-schools, Cuba occupies an archipelago, which consists of more than a thousand islands, with a total area of 111 thousand square meters. km. From the south they are washed by the Caribbean Sea, and from the north by the numerous straits of the Atlantic Ocean. The largest of the islands is the island of Cuba. In its southeastern part, the Sierra Maestra mountain range stretches, the highest point of which, Turquino Peak, reaches 1974 m. The western and southwestern coasts of the island are occupied by lowland wetlands with mangroves. Many rivers flow through the country, but they are small. The longest of them is Cauto (370 km).

Climate in Cuba

The climate of Cuba is tropical trade wind. Warm currents, observed in the waters washing the country, and constant northeast winds make the climate mild. The coldest month is January, when the daytime air temperature reaches +25..+27 degrees, and at night there is about 16..18 degrees of heat. The hottest month is August. During it, in the daytime, the air warms up to +30..+32 degrees, and at night it is quite warm – +20..+22 degrees. Relative humidity is high (70-75%) throughout the year, so the heat is especially hard to bear in summer.

The average annual rainfall in Cuba varies from 860 mm in the southeast of the island to 1700 mm in its western part. From May to November, the rainy season is established in Cuba. At this time, especially from August to November, strong tropical hurricanes arise in the Caribbean region, which then go to Florida. The rainiest months are June and October, when 180 to 200 mm of precipitation falls per month.

On the coast, the water temperature in winter is about +24 degrees, in summer it warms up to +28 degrees.

Best time to visit:
The season in Cuba runs from November to April. This is the time when rainfall is the least and not so hot, in July and August the beaches are crowded with locals.

What to See in Cuba

There are many interesting sights in the cities of Cuba. Local architectural monuments bear the imprints of different eras and their characteristic styles. The most popular among tourists is the old quarter of Havana. Most of the sights of old Havana have been recognized by UNESCO as a Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Among them are the Cathedral, built in the Baroque style, the fortresses of Morro and La Punta, which once protected the city from attacks by pirates from the sea, and Fuersa Castle (one of the largest buildings in Havana and the oldest fort in all of America). The Jose Marti Memorial, the Museum of the Revolution and the Lenin Park remind of Cuba ‘s revolutionary past. In general, in Havana more than 50 museums. It is worth visiting the Hemingway Museum, the Roma Museum, the Museum of Fine Arts. At the cigar factory of the most famous brand Partagas, you will learn everything about their production.

If you want to see tobacco technology first hand, from cultivation to packaging, then head to Pinar del Río, which is located in the west of Cuba. One of the best varieties of tobacco in the world is produced here, the Tobacco Museum and the Francisco Donatien tobacco factory are nearby. In addition, in the province of Pinar del Río, the Viñales Valley is located with the popular Cave of the Indians. It is a chain of grottoes with rock paintings.

For those who wish to learn more about the historical past of Cuba, starting from the time of the settlements of the Indians, it is necessary to visit the city of Banes, which is located in the province of Holguin. Here, in the Museum of Indo-Cuban Culture, the largest collection of archaeological finds in the country is collected.

Cuba is known throughout the world not only for high-quality tobacco, but also as one of the first exporters of sugar. In the San Luis Valley, near the city of Trinidad, there are extensive sugar plantations. The ruins of an old sugar factory from the 19th century, where you can see huge cauldrons and millstones, have been preserved in the vicinity. The city of Trinidad itself has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Among tourists, it is known as a city of museums. There is a Historical Museum, an Archaeological Museum, and even a Romantic Museum.

Cuba Geography