Croatia Geography and Climate

Croatia has amazingly beautiful nature and is considered one of the most environmentally friendly places in the world. The Adriatic Sea has unique properties. In some places it is transparent up to 50 meters deep. Croatia is famous for its thermal and mineral springs. On the territory of this country there are 7 amazing national parks.

The northern part of the country – Istria is famous for its hilly landscape, Mediterranean vegetation and medieval towns. The coastal part of Central and Southern Dalmatia is decorated with the ridges of the Dinaric Mountains and pine forests.

While in Croatia, you can visit Italy (Venice and Trieste) and Montenegro without a visa. The flight to the country is not exhausting.

The best time of the year to visit the country is from May to September, during this period the air warms up to +30: +31 degrees, and the water is up to 22:24 C. The Croatian coast has the largest number of hours of sunshine in Europe (2600).

The official language is Croatian. It is related to Serbian, however, after the start of the armed conflict with Serbia, the Croats emphasize its differences: the Serbs write in Cyrillic, the Croats in Latin; more and more archaic words are replacing words related to Serbian; Croats also do not recognize the Novi Sad Agreement of 1954, according to which the Serbian and Croatian languages were declared one Serbo-Croatian. In addition, in Istria and Kvarner they speak Italian, German, and English. In Dalmatia in German and English.

Geography in Croatia

According to top-engineering-schools, Croatia is located in the southeastern part of Europe, between the eastern spurs of the Alps, the Danube in the east and the Adriatic coast in the southwest. In the north it borders on Slovenia and Hungary, in the east – on Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the south – a small border with Montenegro. The eastern part of the country (Slavonia) is a hilly plain, crossed by the valleys of the Sava and Drava rivers, the central and western parts of the country are occupied by the heavily dissected Dinaric Highlands (the highest point is Dinara, 1831 m) with extensive karst fields. The narrow strip of the Adriatic coast (Dalmatia) is mountainous and indented by numerous bays. The total area of the country is 56.5 thousand square meters. km.

Climate in Croatia

On the territory of Croatia, two types of climate can be distinguished: on the Adriatic coast – Mediterranean, with hot and dry summers and warm and humid winters, inland – temperate continental, with cold winters and moderately warm summers.

In the mountainous region of Croatia, the climate is colder than in the rest of the territory and with a lot of snow.

The coldest time is from December to February. But even during this period, the temperature in the flat part of the country remains positive. The warmest time of the year in the continental regions is from June to August, on the Adriatic coast from June to September.

In the continental part of the country, Slavonia, in winter the average minimum temperature is slightly negative (0:-5), the average maximum is from 2 to 7 degrees Celsius. In summer, the average minimum temperature is 14:19, the average maximum is 25:27 degrees. The least precipitation falls from January to April (the monthly amount of precipitation during this period is 45-60 mm), in the rest of the year their monthly amount fluctuates between 70-90 mm.

In the north of the Adriatic coast (the Istrian peninsula and Central Dalmatia), in winter, the average minimum temperature is +3: +9, the average maximum is +7: +12, in summer (from June to August), and also in September it is hot: the average minimum temperature is +17: +22, average maximum up to +30. There is a lot of precipitation in the north of the coastal zone. Even in relatively dry months (July and August), their amount is 82-83 mm, and in the period from November to December, 170-190 mm falls. In Central Dalmatia, the climate is drier. In the period from June to August, 30-45 mm of precipitation falls here, and in the wettest months (November and December) 110-120 mm.

In South Dalmatia, winters are slightly warmer, and summers are almost the same as in the rest of the Adriatic. In winter, the average minimum temperature is +5:+10, the average maximum is +11:+16, in summer the average minimum temperature is +17:+22, the average maximum is up to +30 degrees. In summer, there is less precipitation here (25-30 mm per month), but in the period from November to January, an average of up to 200 mm per month falls.

The water temperature even in winter does not drop below +10 degrees. It reaches its maximum value in August, +26 degrees. The swimming season lasts from mid-June to late September. The warmest resorts are in South Dalmatia.

Best time to visit:
The best time of the year to visit the country is from May to September, during this period the air warms up to +30: +31 degrees, and the water is up to 22:24 C. The Croatian coast has the largest number of hours of sunshine in Europe (2600).

Croatia Geography

Tags: