China Geography and Climate

China is a multifaceted, but at the same time united country in its diversity. Here you can see everything: picturesque traditional villages, modern metropolises, ancient monasteries, the vast expanses of the Gobi Desert, snow-capped mountain peaks, corners of nature protected in numerous parks and reserves. The rich history and culture of this country, the vast territory and natural diversity create a wide range of opportunities for travel and recreation.

In almost every city, in every province of China, there are many interesting sights, cultural and historical monuments, unique corners of nature. Since 1985, China has joined the UNESCO Convention on the Preservation of World Cultural Heritage. There are 29 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in China, and a large number of them are in Northern China. The Great Wall of China, which has become a symbol of the country, occupies a special place in this list. Stretching for thousands of kilometers, skirting mountain ranges and crossing deserts, the wall is a fantastic sight and carries the history and spirit of China. In Northern China, there is also the capital of the Celestial Empire – Beijing. This city with a 3,000-year history is widely known for its attractions and is one of the most popular world capitals. Besides,

The modern Chinese tourism industry provides excellent living, service and shopping conditions, and the friendly smiles of the hospitable Chinese will be the best companions when traveling around the country.

You can travel to Northern China at any time of the year, but the best time to visit it is from May to October. It should be borne in mind that quite a lot of precipitation falls in the eastern regions from June to August, and throughout the region at this time the thermometers rise to +28… 30 ° C. Autumn is the “golden season”, when it is rather dry, during the day the temperature is +20… 25 o C, and at night – from +4 to +18, depending on the place.

The most famous ski resort of Yabuli welcomes its visitors from mid-November to mid-March, and the season in Nanshan resort lasts 3 months longer.

The swimming season in the resorts of Northern China lasts from June to September. The water at this time warms up to +20… +26 o C.

The official language of China is Chinese. The Chinese language does not have an alphabet; instead, characters are used in writing. It should be remembered that the dialects in the provinces are so different from each other that often people from different provinces can understand each other only by writing a message, since the written version of Chinese is the same for everyone.

Chinese dialects include Beijing, Zhejiang, Cantonese, and Fujian. Most national minorities have their own languages.

Geography in north China

According to top-engineering-schools, the administrative division of China includes 23 provinces (Hebei, Gansu, Liaoning, Henan, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian, Jiangxi, Jilin, Qinghai, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Hainan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Shandong, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Taiwan), 5 autonomous regions (Xinjiang Uyghur, Tibetan, Guangxi Zhuang, Ningxia Hui, Inner Mongolia), 2 special autonomous regions – Xianggang (Hong Kong) and Macao (Macau), as well as 4 cities of central subordination – Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin and Chongqing. Northern China includes the provinces of Gansu, Liaoning, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Qinghai, Shandong, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia Hui, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Regions, Inner MongoliaAutonomous Region , Beijing and Tianjin. In the northeast, it borders on Korea and Russia, in the north – on Mongolia, in the northwest on Kazakhstan, in the west – on Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, in the south – on the Tibet Autonomous Region, the provinces of Sichuan (Sichuan), Hubei ( Hubei), Anxui, Jiangsu and Central Government Chongqing. In the southeast, the area is washed by the Yellow Sea.

The area of Northern China is about 5.7 million km2. The relief of its territory is varied. Most of the territory (except the east) is occupied by a belt of uplands and depressions with altitudes from 200 to 2000 m. In the south and southwest, the region is bounded by the Kunlun Mountains and the Tibetan Plateau. In the very west is the Tien Shan mountain system, the average heights within which exceed 6000 m. There are also two large depressions of internal flow, the Tarim and Dzhungar, and the lowest land surface in East Asia, the Turfan depression.

Adjacent to the central part of the Tarim Basin is the Takla Makan Desert, one of the driest and most inaccessible deserts in the world. Other deserts, Alashan and Gobi, are within the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. To the south of Inner Mongolia are the Ordos Plateau, the Shaanxi-Shanxi Plateau, and the Qinling Mountains. In the northeast there is the Great Khingan mountain system with prevailing heights of 800-1200 m. The eastern regions are represented by low accumulative plains. The northernmost position is occupied by the Sanjiang and North Khankai lowlands, followed by the Songliao Plain located in a vast intermountain depression, and to the south by the Great Chinese Plain.

The eastern regions of the district have the most extensive river network, in the west the rivers are extremely rare. The largest rivers are the Huang He, Liaohe, Songhuangjiang (Sungari). The rivers in the northeast are ice-bound for several months.

The lakes are located in the west and extreme east. The largest lakes are Kukunor, Lobnor, Bagrashkel (west), Dalaynor (east). Endorheic lakes often have salt water. The Yellow Sea in the area of the West Korea Bay and Bohai Bay is shallow, with a smooth coastline. To the south (the coasts of the Shandong and Liaodong peninsulas), the coastline is more dissected, the coasts are steep.

Climate in north China

The northern regions of China belong to the temperate climate zone. In turn, two areas can be distinguished here – the monsoonal climate of the coastal regions and the continental climate of the remaining territories.

The monsoon climate area extends from the coast to the area of the city of Xi’an (up to 110 o east longitude). This type of climate is characterized by wet, rainy summers and cold winters. In winter, powerful currents of cold air from the interior of Asia (winter monsoon) bring dry, clear weather.

The lowest temperatures are observed in January. This month, the night temperature ranges from -16…-23 o C in the north to +1 o C in the very south, daytime temperature ranges from -16…-13 o C to +11 o CC respectively. In most of the region, the total amount of precipitation for three winter months does not exceed 15 mm. The exception is the southern regions, where the influence of the winter monsoon weakens and up to 200 mm of precipitation falls.

In summer, the area is under the influence of oceanic masses, bringing a large amount of moisture. In the period from June to August, 2/3 of the annual precipitation falls (300-500 mm). The summer temperature field is more uniform. The characteristic daytime temperature of July, the hottest month, is +27… 30 ° C, increasing in the very south to +35 ° C. At night, the thermometer does not fall below +15 ° C. From June to November, typhoons come to the coast, which bring torrential rains and gale-force winds.

The continental climate is characterized by large seasonal temperature fluctuations and insufficient moisture. Hot summer (in the Turfan depression, the average temperature in July is +34 o) is replaced by a cold winter, often with severe frosts. The average night temperature in January is -12…-19 o C, daytime – from -11 to +1 o C; in July – +16…22 o C and +28..33 o C respectively. The annual precipitation in the plains is almost everywhere less than 250 mm, and in the very west about 50 mm. They fall unevenly, mainly in summer.

Best time to visit:
You can travel to Northern China at any time of the year, but the best time to visit it is from May to October. It should be borne in mind that quite a lot of precipitation falls in the eastern regions from June to August, and throughout the region at this time the thermometers rise to +28… 30 ° C. Autumn is the “golden season”, when it is rather dry, during the day the temperature is +20… 25 o C, and at night – from +4 to +18, depending on the place.

The most famous ski resort of Yabuli welcomes its visitors from mid-November to mid-March, and the season in Nanshan resort lasts 3 months longer.

The swimming season in the resorts of Northern China lasts from June to September. Water at this time warms up to +20… +26 o C.

China Geography

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