China Architecture

Group work extends to engineering and construction activities, where construction committees formed by architects, engineers, technicians, workers and students are already organized in the planning stage.

According to RELATIONSHIPSPLUS, the intense construction work currently underway throughout the China involves the construction of urban, industrial, rural centers, which can count on a few specialized managers, who must necessarily work in concert with the available manpower and coordinate quickly and in each phase multiple needs for immediate activation of plants, housing, tertiary services. A recent model center is that of Taching which, in addition to industrial plants, has included a network of agricultural land for auxiliary production activities. The residential center is made up of 130 self-sufficient building units, with tertiary services organized for 4 or 5 villages.

In the old cities, efforts have been concentrated on the dismantling of the shacks, the houses of straw and mud, the houses on the water. Under the authority of the Ministry of Public Works, municipal building planning and territorial reorganization commissions entered into function, with the aim of decongesting the historic centers and their adjacencies and coordinating the settlements with the plants and production services, to assign accommodation according to average spaces of 4 0 5 m 2per resident and mostly shared services. The designs took advantage of the urban planning and building theories that China had formulated in advance of Western culture, that is, the flexibility of regulatory plans, the tendency to decentralization, urban expansion by aggregation of fixed units, mobility and prefabrication of buildings. buildings, the use in a modular sense of the constructive unity of the ch’ien. In this way residential complexes were built on standard projects consisting of multi-storey buildings with an open linear scheme, with independent skeleton load-bearing structures, prefabricated floors. Green spaces and gardens are intercommunication between the various buildings, often forming traditional parks with lakes and streams. Each district is equipped with the necessary services for autonomous functioning (kindergartens, schools, clinics, etc.) and generally respond to local labor absorption, in order to reduce transport times and costs as far as possible. A lower level building affects rural areas, where the conservation of regional architectural traditions is more evident, also as regards the use of local technologies and materials (stone, wood, etc.).

Urban decentralization and widespread rural settlement as a function of a balance and integration between city and countryside have called for massive interventions in the fields of water companies (dams, canals), power plants, drainage and recovery of land from the sea, roads (road, railway), construction for medium and small industries intended to support agriculture, as well as public works for the self-sufficiency of individual settlements. It is the sector in which the most advanced technological and functional solutions of the so-called international style appear to be fully accepted, which is instead rejected on the level of the formal avant-gardes, in favor of a socialist and national architecture, according to an address that emerged in 1961 at the official debate, balancing the opposite tendencies, on the one hand, towards the socialist realism of Soviet architecture, on the other hand, towards a revival of the Chinese Renaissance operating with ups and downs since the 1920s. Primary objectives of cost containment and functionality have oriented towards the availability of low-cost materials (industrial waste, etc.), which have expressed the usual monumental criteria. Among the most impressive engineering works of recent years, the Paochi-Ch’engtu railway line is mentioned, which connects the Shenhsi with the Szuch’uan through mountain passes and constitutes the first fully electrified line. It was inaugurated in 1975. See Primary objectives of cost containment and functionality have oriented towards the availability of low-cost materials (industrial waste, etc.), which have expressed the usual monumental criteria. Among the most impressive engineering works of recent years, the Paochi-Ch’engtu railway line is mentioned, which connects the Shenhsi with the Szuch’uan through mountain passes and constitutes the first fully electrified line. It was inaugurated in 1975. See Primary objectives of cost containment and functionality have oriented towards the availability of low-cost materials (industrial waste, etc.), which have expressed the usual monumental criteria. Among the most impressive engineering works of recent years, the Paochi-Ch’engtu railway line is mentioned, which connects the Shenhsi with the Szuch’uan through mountain passes and constitutes the first fully electrified line. It was inaugurated in 1975. See uan and constitutes the first fully electrified line. It was inaugurated in 1975. See uan and constitutes the first fully electrified line. It was inaugurated in 1975.

China Architecture

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