Cambodia Geography and Climate

Tourism in Cambodia is still under development. Almost the only type of recreation is sightseeing. The main attraction of the country is its ancient capital Angkor, which has become a place of pilgrimage for thousands of tourists. Angkor is one of the world’s masterpieces of architecture and is truly magnificent. It was built in the X – XIII centuries, during the heyday of the Khmer Empire. From this city, the kings of the empire ruled over a vast territory that stretched from Vietnam in the east to the Bay of Bengal in the west and into northern Laos. Cambodia has the potential to develop ecotourism. Currently, the national parks are being beautified, and vast areas with primary jungles have also been preserved. Great prospects for a beach holiday. Sihanoukville, so far the only resort, is planned to be turned into a well-equipped holiday destination. The big plus is that Cambodia is not yet an expensive country. There are few places in the world where you can have breakfast in a street cafe for 25 cents, and get from the airport to the hotel for $1. In Buddhist monasteries, you can even live for free. To do this, it is not necessary to prove that you are a Buddhist, it is enough to show interest in this religion, and you will be invited to the monastery.

The only negative factor when traveling to Cambodia is that not all of the territory of Cambodia has been demined by now, so it is better to refrain from independent routes and use tourist ones.

The best time to visit Cambodia is from December to March, while December and January are ideal when humidity levels are quite low and rain is unlikely. The air temperature in December and January stays at +30 degrees during the day, and does not fall below +20 at night. From February, the air temperature begins to rise, turning any movement around the country into a real torture by mid-spring. The rainy season lasts from May to October, washing away roads in the north and east of the country. This is a good time to visit Angkor, where the ancient canals fill with water and the greenery of the rainforest sets off the dark stone of the temples. The water temperature fluctuates around +25 o all year round.

The official language of Cambodia is Khmer, which is spoken by most of the country’s population. English is tolerably spoken in almost every official institution, hotel, restaurant, market. A large percentage of older Cambodians speak French. Many city dwellers speak Vietnamese, Chinese or Thai.

Geography in Cambodia

According to top-engineering-schools, Cambodia is located on the Indochina Peninsula and belongs to the countries of Southeast Asia. It borders Thailand to the west and northwest, Laos to the north, and Vietnam to the east and southeast. In the south and southwest, the country is washed by the waters of the Gulf of Thailand. The area of Cambodia is 181 thousand km 2. Most of the country is occupied by the low-lying Cambodian plain. To the west are the Kravanj Mountains, the highest point of which, Oral Peak, reaches 1813 m; in the east – the spurs of the Annam mountains. In the north, along the border with Thailand, the Dangrek Range extends, facing the Cambodian territory with a kuest ledge, and in the east of the country the Moi hills rise, extending into southern Vietnam. The main waterway of Cambodia is the Mekong River, which flows through its territory with part of its lower course. The Mekong is navigable throughout the country, and ships can enter from the South China Sea as far as Phnom Penh. To the west is the large Tonle Sap Lake.

Climate in Cambodia

Cambodia belongs to the subequatorial climate zone. The nature of the weather is completely dependent on the monsoon circulation, in connection with which the country has two seasons – wet and dry. The wet season is the time of the southwest monsoon, lasting from May-June to October. The dry season lasts from December to March, during which time the northeast trade winds prevail.

Cambodia is protected from the winter monsoon by the Annam Mountains located in Vietnam and Laos. Due to this, the cool season is weakly expressed. Only in December daytime temperatures do not reach 30 o, and nighttime temperatures in this and the next stay slightly below 20 o. The hottest time of the year is spring, when during the day the thermometer rises to + 34… 36 o, and at night it does not fall below +22 o.

The dry season is dominated by partly cloudy weather with occasional and light rainfall. Precipitation begins in April, and the real monsoon rains begin in May. There are thunderstorms almost every day, but they are short-lived. In the rainiest months, the temperature drops by 2 – 3 degrees due to the heat spent on evaporation. The maximum amount of precipitation falls in September-October and is 250 – 270 mm. The driest month is January, when no more than 10 mm of precipitation falls. Annual rainfall ranges from 700 – 1500 mm in the plains and up to 2000 mm in the mountains.

Best time to visit:
The best time to visit Cambodia is from December to March, while December and January are ideal when humidity levels are quite low and rain is unlikely. The air temperature in December and January stays at +30 degrees during the day, and does not fall below +20 at night. From February, the air temperature begins to rise, turning any movement around the country into a real torture by mid-spring. The rainy season lasts from May to October, washing away roads in the north and east of the country. This is a good time to visit Angkor, where the ancient canals fill with water and the greenery of the rainforest sets off the dark stone of the temples. The water temperature fluctuates around +25 o all year round.

Cambodia Geography