Bulgaria Geography and Climate

There are a number of reasons why tourists choose holidays in Bulgaria. This is proximity to Russia (both geographically and in terms of language, mentality, cuisine), the absence of a language barrier, favorable climatic conditions and luxurious beaches, a rich excursion program, as well as good ski schools and various mountain ranges for skiing. In addition, the flight takes only 2 hours and 55 minutes.

Sightseeing trips around Bulgaria can be made from May to October, and it is best to sunbathe and swim in June-September. In July and August, warm sunny weather sets in (air temperature is not lower than +23 o C and not higher than +30 o C). The water in the sea remains quite warm until the end of September. For lovers of skiing, winter time is more suitable.

The national language is Bulgarian. Many Bulgarians know Russian.

Geography in Bulgaria

According to top-engineering-schools, Bulgaria is located in the southeast of Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula. The area of the country is 111.0 thousand sq. km. Its neighbors are countries: Romania in the north, Serbia and Macedonia in the west, Greece and Turkey in the south. In the east, Bulgaria is washed by the Black Sea.

Almost a third of the territory of Bulgaria mountains occupy, but they are low and for the most part accessible to tourists. Across the country for 555 km, the Stara Planina Range or the Balkan Range stretches, which gave the name to the peninsula. The highest point of this ridge – Mount Boteva – rises to a height of 2376 m. Parallel to Staraya Planina is Srednyaya Gora. In the southwest and west of the country are the Rila, Pirin and Rhodope mountain ranges. The highest peak of Rila, Mount Musala (2925 m), is also the highest point of the entire Balkan Peninsula.

In Bulgaria there are many rivers, but they are shallow. On the territory of the country is the middle course of the Danube – the largest river in central and southeastern Europe. Starting in the Black Forest mountains, it flows through 9 countries. Since the Danube is an international river, navigation has always been developed on it. The average water temperature in July is from +17 to +24. Cruises are organized along the river. The second largest river is the Maritsa. She carries her waters to the Aegean Sea. Struma and Mesta also flow into the Aegean Sea. Kamchia, Veleka and Ropotamo flow into the Black Sea.

Between the Stara Planina Ridge and the Danube lies the Danube Plain, which is the breadbasket of the entire country. The southeastern plain is bounded by Srednyaya Gora from the north and the Rhodopes from the southwest. It is often called Upper Thrace.

Bulgaria famous for its wide beaches that gently descend to the sea. The Black Sea is favorable for swimming – it is not very salty, and the bottom is sandy.

Climate in Bulgaria

Most of the territory of Bulgaria is dominated by a temperate continental climate with distinct four seasons. On the Black Sea coast and in the southern regions, the climate is close to the Mediterranean. In the country, the average temperature of the coldest month – January – ranges from -2 to +2 o C. In the mountains, the thermometer can drop to -10… – 15 degrees. The average temperature of the warmest month – July – ranges from +18 o ะก to +24 oFrom in the northern regions to +28 in the south and on the Black Sea coast, while it rarely exceeds 30 degrees. The annual rainfall is 670 mm, and in the mountains – 800 – 1000 mm. In northern Bulgaria and the Black Sea region, the wettest months are May – June, the driest – February. In southern Bulgaria, the maximum precipitation occurs in November – December, the minimum – in August. The water in the Black Sea warms up to +25 o C. The climate of Bulgaria is favorable for recreation, especially for residents of the middle zone.

Best time to visit:
Sightseeing trips around Bulgaria can be made from May to October, and sunbathing and swimming are best in June-September. In July and August, warm sunny weather sets in (air temperature is not lower than +23 o C and not higher than +30 oFROM). The water in the sea remains quite warm until the end of September. For lovers of skiing, winter time is more suitable.

History in Bulgaria

The history of Bulgaria begins with 681 AD. e., when the First Bulgarian Kingdom was founded by the Turkic Khan on the territory that was once subject to the Roman Empire. It reached its peak at the end of the 9th – beginning of the 10th century, after which it fell into decline, weakened by wars. For some time the state came under Byzantine rule. The second Bulgarian kingdom was created in 1185 and lasted until 1396, after which the five-century Ottoman yoke was established on the territory of the country. In 1876, the movement for the liberation of Bulgaria began, as a result of which it became an independent kingdom. On September 8, 1946, the monarchy was abolished and Bulgaria was proclaimed a republic. The country is a member of the UN (since 1955), as well as about 300 other international and regional organizations and institutions. Bulgaria is a member of the Council of Europe, IMF and IBRD.

Bulgaria Geography