Brazil Geography and Climate

Brazil is the center of tourism in South America. This country is quite original and contrasting. Lush rainforests coexist here with majestic mountains, wild jungles with luxurious beaches, huge rivers with desert plateaus, and roaring waterfalls with quiet and cozy ocean bays. In addition to the main pride – football and the magnificent beaches of the Atlantic coast, Brazil – it’s multiple coffee plantations and the virgin jungle of the Amazon, where numerous tribes of Indians live. But, above all, it is the country of carnivals, the most exciting show in the world.

The best time to visit Rio de Janeiro is from April to September. At this time, it is not as hot as from November to March, although it often rains. Daytime temperatures in summer range from +22 to +32 degrees, and a light warm breeze blows from the ocean. High humidity in Rio de Janeiro persists all year round.

The best time to visit the Amazon is between August and early December. There is almost no rain during this time. From December to April there is also little rain, but it is very hot. May, June and July are the rainiest months.

The official language is Portuguese, Spanish is also widely spoken, in tourist places – English.

Geography in Brazil

According to top-engineering-schools, Brazil is located in South America and covers an area of 8,547.4 thousand square meters. km. Most of the territory is in the Southern Hemisphere. Brazil is bordered to the north by the French overseas department of Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela, and Colombia; in the west, from Peru; in the southwest – with Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina and Uruguay. In the east, Brazil is washed by the Atlantic Ocean. The length of the coastline from the border with Guiana to the border with Uruguay is 6840 km.

The main features of the geography are the Amazon Basin and the Brazilian Plateau or Plateau. The plateau occupies most of the southeastern half of the country. The height of the plateau is from 300 to 900 meters, in many places it is crossed by river valleys and low mountain ranges.

The main mountain ranges of the Brazilian Plateau are the Sierra da Mantiqueira, the Sierra do Mar and the Sierra Geral. Their height usually does not exceed 1200 meters, however, some peaks rise to a height of more than 2200 meters (Pica da Bandeira – 2890 meters and Nedra Acu – 2232 meters).

The largest rivers are the Amazon, Madeira, Tapajos, Rio Negro, Parnaiba, Uruguay.

The Amazon Basin occupies more than one third of the territory. Plains prevail there, and the height of the territory rarely exceeds 150 m. Most of the basin is occupied by swamps and floodplains, as well as dense jungle.

In the north of the Amazon Basin there is a mountain range – the Guiana Highlands – consisting of the Sierra Tumukumak (height up to 850 m), Sierra Akari (up to 600 m) and Sierra Parima (up to 1500 m). On the border with Venezuela is the highest point in Brazil – Mount Pica da Neblina (3014 m).

A very special natural area of Brazil Pantanal (port. “Marshy area”) It is located in the headwaters of the Paraguay River, almost in the center of South America. This is a vast tectonic basin, from the north, east and southeast bounded by the cliffs of the Brazilian Plateau, and from the west by the slopes of the Bolivian Highlands. Fast mountain rivers flowing down from the Brazilian plateau slow down their run on the low plain and overflow widely during the summer rains, flooding almost the entire depression. During the winter drought, the Pantanal is a mosaic of swamps, lakes and subtle meandering riverbeds, salt marshes, sandbars and grassy patches.

Climate in Brazil

The seasons in Brazil, with the exception of the northern region, are directly opposed to European ones.

There are three climatic zones on the territory of the country: equatorial, tropical and subtropical.

The hottest region of Brazil is the northeast (equatorial type of climate). Moderate heat is observed here from January to May, when the average nighttime temperatures are +22…+24, daytime +28…+30 degrees. And it is very hot from September to December, when the average nighttime temperatures are about +25, daytime +32…+34 degrees. Driest months: August, September, October. In them, the number of days with precipitation is not more than 3. The rainy period lasts from January to May (up to 17 days per month with rain).

Most of the country is located in a tropical climate. Moreover, the tropical climate on the plains differs from the tropical climate on the coast. For a territory located in a flat area, and this is the year of Sao Paulo, Brasilia, Belo Horizonte, moderate temperatures are characteristic. Here, from May to September, the average nighttime temperatures are +11…+15, the average daily temperatures are about +30. In the rest of the year, average night temperatures are +16…+18, average daytime temperatures are +27…+29. The least precipitation falls from May to September (no more than 3 days per month), in the rest of the year the number of days with precipitation ranges from 16 in October to 24 in December.

The coast of the tropics, and these are the cities of Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Recife, is characterized by a hotter climate. In the coolest time (from May to September) the average nighttime temperatures are +17…+19, the average daytime temperatures are +27…+28. It is very hot from January to March, when the average nighttime temperatures are around +23, daytime temperatures are +31…+32 degrees. The driest months are winter. They have a monthly rainfall of 40-50 mm. The rainiest period is from December to March (120-130 mm of precipitation per month). Humidity on the coast is always high.

In the elevated areas of the country, the climate is alpine. Here, the temperature contrasts with altitude become more acute.

In the south of the country (in the states of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande de Sul) the climate is subtropical. The coolest time is from June to August. Average night temperatures are +11…+12, daytime temperatures +17…+19. The hottest time is January, February and March, when the average night temperatures are +20…+21, the average daytime temperatures are around +27…+29 degrees. Precipitation falls more evenly than in the tropical and equatorial territories of the country, the number of days with rain during all months ranges from 10 to 12 days.

The water temperature on the southeastern coast of Brazil is 27 degrees from January to May, 26 degrees from June to August, 27-28 degrees from September to October, and rises to +29 degrees in November and December.

Best time to visit:
The best time to visit Rio de Janeiro is from April to September. At this time, it is not as hot as from November to March, although it often rains. Daytime temperatures in summer range from +22 to +32 degrees, and a light warm breeze blows from the ocean. High humidity in Rio de Janeiro persists all year round.

The best time to visit the Amazon is between August and early December. There is almost no rain during this time. From December to April there is also little rain, but it is very hot. May, June and July are the rainiest months.

Brazil Geography

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