Bhutan Geography and Climate

Bhutan is located high in the Himalayas. This once isolated country for the world community is now the dream of many travelers. Long years of isolation allowed the state to preserve its identity: Buddhist traditions, unique architecture and wildlife. The snow-capped peaks of the Himalayas, covered with dense forests in the north, and the tropical rainforests stretching at their feet in the south, attract nature lovers and hikers here, and numerous Buddhist shrines, covered with mysterious legends, beckon history buffs to these parts.

The best time to visit the country is the transitional seasons: October, November and the period from April to mid-June, when the most favorable weather conditions are observed. In the southern part of the country, where the foothills and the “duar” plains stretch, you can also travel in winter.

The official language of Bhutan is Dzongkha (one of the 53 languages ​​of the Tibetan language family), it is most widely spoken in the western part of the country. There are about 13 dialects of this language in Bhutan. The Sharchops living in the east of Bhutan speak the Bumthang dialect, while the Nepalese people living in the south of Bhutan speak Nepali dialects. City dwellers can communicate in English.

Geography in Bhutan

According to top-engineering-schools, the Kingdom of Bhutan is located in Southeast Asia between India and China on the southern slopes of the Eastern Himalayas. Bhutan is also known as the “Land of the Thunder Dragon”.

The area of the state is 38.4 thousand square meters. km. Bhutan stretches from west to east for 300 km, from north to south for 150 km. The Kingdom of Bhutan is bordered by China in the north, the rest of the borders are with India. In the west – with the state of Sikkim, in the east – with Arunachal Pradesh, in the south – with As and West Bengal.

Butane located on the southern slope of the Great Himalayas. In the northern part of the country, heights reach 7 km, the mountains here are covered with glaciers. It is believed that the highest point in the country is the peak of Kulagangry (7553 m). In the central part of Bhutan, the Rinak (“black mountains”) range extends with heights from 1500 to 2700 m, which serves as a watershed between the country’s largest rivers – Mo and Drangme (or Manas), which flow into the Brahmaputra River. The southern part of Bhutan is occupied by foothills and subtropical plains “duars”, the heights here fall to 200 m.

Climate in Bhutan

The climate in Bhutan is entirely dependent on the altitude of the area. Humid subtropical climate prevails in the southern part of the country on the duar plains and in the foothills. Here in the summer during the day the air temperature can reach +40 degrees, and at night the air cools down to +25 degrees. In summer, the southwest monsoon hits the southern regions of Bhutan, which, reaching the Himalayas, causes heavy downpours. At this time, from 700 to 1000 mm of precipitation can fall monthly. In total, about 5000 mm of precipitation falls here on average per year. In winter, during the daytime in the south of the country, about 20 degrees of heat is observed, and at night – about 10 degrees of heat. Further north, as the altitude rises, the climate becomes drier and colder. At altitudes from 2000 to 3000 m in winter during the daytime, the air warms up to +10..+12 degrees, and at night it cools down to -3..-5 degrees. The hottest month in the mountains is August: daytime air temperatures reach +25..+27 degrees, and night temperatures reach +17 degrees. As well as on the plains, in the mountainous areas, the greatest amount of precipitation falls in the summer, reaching a maximum in July, when about 300 mm of precipitation falls. In July, along with the rains, a slight cooling comes, on average, the temperature drops by 3-4 degrees. In general, up to 1000 mm of precipitation falls in the mountains per year. on average, the temperature drops by 3-4 degrees. In general, up to 1000 mm of precipitation falls in the mountains per year. on average, the temperature drops by 3-4 degrees. In general, up to 1000 mm of precipitation falls in the mountains per year.

Best time to visit:
The best time to visit the country is the transitional seasons: October, November and the period from April to mid-June, when the most favorable weather conditions are observed. In the southern part of the country, where the foothills and the “duar” plains stretch, you can also travel in winter.

EXCURSIONS

A distinctive feature of Bhutanese architecture is “dzongs” – monasteries-fortresses, from which the construction of large cities began. The most famous dzongs of Bhutan are located in the cities of Paro, Punakha, Jakar, Thimphu and Tongsa. Most of the dzongs were built in the 17th century during the reign of King Shabdrung. In addition to the monasteries, the Bhutanese Laghangi temples are world famous, whose history is closely connected with the founder of Buddhism, Guru Rimpoche. The best time to visit the places of worship in Bhutan is during the autumn Tsechu religious festivals, which are celebrated throughout the country.

Bhutan Geography

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