Belize Geography and Climate

Belize is located in Central America in the southeast of the Yucatan Peninsula. Once upon a time, Maya Indian tribes lived here, from which the ruins of ceremonial centers and main cities have survived to this day. Belize, along with Mexico and Guatemala, is a place where you can get acquainted with the culture and history of the Maya Indians. From the east, the country is washed by the waters of the Caribbean Sea, in which a coral reef 320 km long stretches not far from the coast in the meridional direction. It is the second largest barrier reef in the world. There are many islands scattered in its vicinity, where you can go diving, surfing and just relaxing on the beaches. The variety of dive sites in Belize is simply amazing – from the shallow waters of marine parks with numerous underwater inhabitants, to the Great Blue Hole, where there are no fish or corals at a depth of 40 m, but only dark caves with ten-meter stalactites. About half of the country’s territory is occupied by protected areas with tropical and pine forests, mangroves and rich wildlife.

The most favorable time for traveling in Belize is the period from late December to April, when the likelihood of rain and stormy weather is the least.

The official language of Belize is English, however, most of the population speaks English with a hard to understand accent or Creole. Also spoken are Spanish (in the north and central part of the country), Maya and Garifuna (both in the southern part of the country).

Geography in Belize

According to top-engineering-schools, Belize is located in Central America in the southeast of the Yucatan Peninsula. The eastern part of the country is washed by the waters of the Caribbean Sea. Belize is bordered by Mexico to the northeast and Guatemala to the west and south. The area of the country is 22,965 km, which includes about 200 islands located in the Caribbean Sea. The islands lie within a barrier reef that runs along the coast of Belize. This is the second longest (320 km) barrier reef in the world (after the Australian Great Barrier Reef) and the first longest reef in the Western Hemisphere.

About 65% of the country’s territory is occupied by plains. The northern part of the country is dominated by swampy lowlands. The Maya Mountains stretch to the southwest. Here is the highest point in the country – Doylis Delight Peak (1124 m). To the northwest of the mountains there are several mountain ranges with average heights of about 900 m. Along the coastline of Belize stretch the coastal plains with mangroves in the north and lagoons fringed with sandy beaches in the central part and in the south.

The longest rivers in Belize are the Rio Hondo and Belize. They flow in the northern part of the country.

Climate in Belize

Belize has a humid tropical climate. Humidity is high throughout the year. The interior of the country is the hottest. Here in the summer (June-August) daytime air temperatures reach 34..36 degrees Celsius, nighttime temperatures drop to +23..+25 degrees. In winter (December-February), during the daytime, the air warms up to 28..30 degrees Celsius, and at night it cools down to +18..+20 degrees. It should be noted that in the mountainous regions of the southwestern part of the country, the air temperature depends on the height of the terrain.

On the coast of Belize, constantly blowing northeasterly winds moderate the heat. In summer, daytime air temperatures reach 30..32 degrees Celsius, nighttime temperatures drop to +21..+23 degrees. In winter, during the day, the air warms up to 26..28 degrees Celsius, and at night it cools down to +17..+19 degrees.

The average annual rainfall in Belize increases from north to south. In the north, on average, 1340 mm of precipitation falls annually, in the south – 4520 mm. The dry season here lasts from February to May, and the maximum precipitation occurs from June to November. During the rainy season, stormy weather is common, and sometimes destructive hurricanes come from the Caribbean Sea (the highest probability of hurricanes occurs between September and November).

Best time to visit:
The most favorable time to travel in Belize is from late December to April, when the chances of rain and stormy weather are the least.

Belize Geography

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