Belgium Geography and Climate

A visit to Belgium – the “capital of Europe” – is the key part of any tourist trans-European tour. The density of historical and architectural monuments here reaches almost the highest density in all of Western Europe, which, combined with the careful attitude of the Belgians to their national history, leaves plenty of scope for choosing an excursion program. In addition to the beautiful Brussels – “little Paris”, almost any Belgian city has its own historical “zest”, which makes almost any locality desirable to visit. Together with the extravagant local cuisine, this circumstance makes a trip to Belgium rich and full of impressions almost regardless of the route chosen.

In addition to the excursion program, there is where to get treated “on the waters” and swim – the balneological resort Spa has been known to the whole world for more than a hundred years, and the seaside resort of Oostende attracts a huge number of European beach lovers in the summer months.

For a beach holiday, keep in mind that the swimming season here lasts only from mid-June to mid-September. For sightseeing purposes, it is better to come here from May to September, when the weather is mostly sunny and warm.

In Belgium, three languages ​​have official status at once – French, Flemish (close to Dutch) and German.

Geography in Belgium

According to top-engineering-schools, the Kingdom of Belgium is located in Western Europe, on the east coast of the North Sea. In the north it borders on the Netherlands, in the east – on Germany and Luxembourg, in the south and southwest – on France. In the northwest it is washed by the North Sea. The territory of the kingdom (30 thousand km2) is small – it is one and a half times smaller than the area of the Moscow region.

In the geography of the country, experts distinguish three geographical regions:

– the coastal plain (the main cities here are Bruges, Ostend)

– the central plateau (Brussels, Antwerp, Ghent)

– the Arden Upland (a relatively sparsely urbanized area)

The coastal plain is located in the north-west of the country and consists of sand dunes and polders – sections of the coast reclaimed from the sea by drainage (mainly using Dutch technologies). The average height of this region above sea level is about 10 meters, but there are also areas that lie below the level of the World Ocean. The central plateau is a low area of ​​the territory, consisting of fertile plains. The Arden Highlands is a forested plateau with an average height of about 460 meters, located in the southwest of the country.

The main rivers of Belgium are the Scheldt and the Meuse, originating in France. Both rivers are currently connected by canals to improve the efficiency of navigation.

Climate in Belgium

The decisive influence on the climate of Belgium is provided by the Atlantic Ocean, the air masses from which form the Belgian weather throughout the year. Due to this, throughout the country, winters are mild, and summers are relatively cool. Average winter temperatures in the western flat part of the country range from 0 to +3, and in the Ardennes due to their higher altitude and distance from the coast – from 0 to -1 degrees. There is practically no stable snow cover anywhere in the country. Quite windy and dank weather prevails on the coast in winter.

In summer, on the contrary, very comfortable weather reigns here – daytime air temperatures fluctuate around the twenty-degree mark, and only in rare years reach +30 oC. Air humidity, as in winter, is quite high due to the proximity of the Atlantic Ocean. Precipitation falls mainly during the cold season (about 800 mm per year in the plains and about 1300 in the Ardennes).

Best time to visit:
For a beach holiday, keep in mind that the swimming season here only lasts from mid-June to mid-September. For sightseeing purposes, it is better to come here from May to September, when the weather is mostly sunny and warm.


Like any part of Western Europe, Belgium has a huge potential for cultural tourism – almost every village has its own history, and the number of preserved medieval castles is simply amazing. It is for such impressions that tourists from all over the world are drawn to the heart of Europe, and in this area they are not in danger of disappointment – the careful attitude of the Belgians to their historical monuments and traditions is known to all Europeans.


Despite the fact that the waters of the Atlantic Ocean near the Belgian coast are not as rich in colorful representatives of the ichthyofauna as in the tropical zone, there is also a diving movement of its own here. Local, and partly visiting, divers are attracted by the remains of sunken ships, both medieval and quite modern, that died in the battles of World War II.

The oldest resting off the coast Belgium ships – the legendary Bruges Boat (discovered in 1899) dates back to the third century AD – at the moment some of its parts are stored in the Maritime Museum (Antwerp).

Now there are 9 large dive centers in Belgium, the most famous of which are Barracuda Brugge (Bruges) and Belgian Diving Center (Mechelen). The season starts in June and ends in September-October.

Belgium Geography