Belarus Geography and Climate

Belarus is one of the oldest centers of the Slavic world. For thousands of years, an original Belarusian culture has been formed, represented today by numerous archaeological, historical and architectural monuments. The nature of Belarus is also truly unique: centuries-old untouched forests inhabited by a wide variety of animals and crystal clear lakes formed by glacial activity have been preserved here. Moreover, the country’s cultural monuments harmoniously coexist with natural ones, which makes it possible to combine several types of tourism at once.

The most favorable conditions for recreation are observed in Belarus in the period from May to July.

Belarus has two official languages – Belarusian and Russian.

Geography in Belarus

According to top-engineering-schools, Belarus is located in Eastern Europe. It borders Russia to the east and north, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest. The total area of the country is 207.6 thousand square meters. km. Belarus is dominated by a flat terrain with slight elevation fluctuations. In the northern part of the country, small ridges stretched, which in the central part of the country pass into the vast Belarusian ridge, within which the highest point of the state is located – Mount Dzerzhinskaya (345 m). Also in the northern part of Belarus there are many lakes, in total there are about 11 thousand of them in the country. The largest lake in Belarus is the lake Naroch with an area of 80 sq. km. In the southern part of the country, which is called the Belarusian Polesie, marshy lowlands prevail. This is the land of impenetrable forests and swamps. Large rivers such as the Dnieper, with tributaries of the Berezina, Pripyat and Sozh, as well as the Neman, the Western Dvina and the Western Bug flow through the territory of Belarus.

Climate in Belarus

Belarus has a temperate continental climate type. In the northern part of the country in winter, during the daytime, the air warms up to -5..-7 degrees, and at night it cools down to -11..-13 degrees. 11..+13 degrees. The warmest are the southern and southwestern regions of the country. For example, in Brest, in winter during the daytime, the air temperature reaches -1..+1 degrees, and at night it drops to -6..-8 degrees, in summer during the day the air warms up to +23..+25 degrees, and at night cooled to 12..14 degrees Celsius.

During the year, 500 to 800 mm of precipitation falls on the territory of the country. The greatest amount of precipitation falls in the elevated central and northwestern parts of Belarus. The rainiest times of the year are summer and autumn. For example, in July in Belarus falls from 80 to 90 mm of precipitation, while in February – from 25 to 35 mm.

Best time to visit:
The most favorable conditions for recreation are observed in Belarus during the period from May to July.


The most popular sanatoriums are located in the central part of Belarus in the Minsk region. Treatment here is based not only on the use of mineral waters and mud, but also on the healing effect of the local climate and clean forest air.

Between Molodechno and Zaslavl on the Rybchanka River there is a sanatorium “Sosnovy Bor”. The sanatorium specializes in the treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems, the circulatory system, the digestive system, female genital organs and infertility. The main therapeutic factors are low-mineralized slightly alkaline sulfate-chloride-sodium and low-mineralized sulfate-chloride magnesium-calcium-sodium mineral waters, as well as sapropelic mud of Lake Dikoye, containing phytohormones, biogenic stimulants, vitamins, microelements, amino acids and humic acids. The sanatorium offers mud therapy and hydrotherapy with therapeutic showers and baths, intestinal hydrotherapy, dry carbonic baths, intestinal lavage and irrigation, manual and underwater massage, electro-, light-, laser-, acupuncture, manual therapy, mechanotherapy, Su-jok, phytobar, inhalations, dental and cosmetology rooms, functional diagnostic room. An artificial lake with beaches has been created on the Rybchanka River, where you can have a great rest. In addition, the sanatorium has a swimming pool, sauna, bar, shop, summer dance floor, disco hall, cinema, video salon, billiards, table tennis, sports grounds and a tennis court with a soft surface.

Not far from Volozhin is the Isloch sanatorium, which once belonged to the Belarusian Literary Fund. In the sanatorium they carry out the prevention of diseases of the cardiovascular and nervous systems, the musculoskeletal system. Treatment is carried out with a variety of baths and showers, inhalations and mud applications.

A lot of sanatoriums are located in the National Park “Narochansky”. All of them specialize in the treatment of the circulatory system, the nervous system, the digestive system and the musculoskeletal system. Treatment takes place on the basis of sulfate-chloride-sodium mineral waters and sapropelic mud. The most popular sanatoriums in this region of the country include the sanatoriums “Naroch”, “Narochansky Bereg”, ”

In the Mogilev region, in a picturesque park on the banks of the Berezina River, there is one of the oldest balneo-mud resorts in the country – a sanatorium named after V.I. Lenin. It was opened in 1946 as a climatic health resort. The sanatorium specializes in the treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, peripheral nervous system, digestive organs, chronic diseases of the respiratory and genitourinary organs, and metabolic disorders. In the treatment, sulfate-chloride calcium-sodium mineral waters are used, extracted from 4 sources. The sanatorium offers drinking treatment, tubage, irrigation, various types of baths (pearl, turpentine, carbonic, iodine-bromine, dry carbonic baths, as well as baths with medicinal herbs, foamy, vortex and contrast) and showers (ascending, circular, “Charcot”, underwater shower-massage). Also magnetotherapy, laser therapy, ultrasound, solarium, acupuncture, psychotherapy, barotherapy, mechanotherapy, massage, physical therapy and manual therapy. For mud therapy, sapropelic mud of the lake “Sudobl” with a high content of organic substances is used.

Belarus Geography