Barbados Geography and Climate

Barbados is a distant mysterious island located in the Caribbean. Despite its small size (34 km long and 23 m wide), Barbados can offer tourists a wide variety of recreational activities: the western and southern parts are suitable for beach holidays, diving, snorkelling, yachting, parasailing and fishing, the southeastern – for windsurfing, eastern – for surfing, and northern and central – for ecotourism. In addition, Barbados offers a variety of excursion programs: these are trips to the old English fortifications, mansions, rum distilleries and sugar plantations, travel along the coastline of the island, sightseeing of the island from a helicopter and sea cruises.

The best time to visit Barbados is the “dry” season, which runs from January to June. During this period, the probability of tropical showers is the lowest.

The official language of Barbados is English, however, in everyday life, Barbadians speak the local variant of English – “Beijang” (a mixture of English, Spanish and Creole words).

Geography in Barbados

According to top-engineering-schools, the state of Barbados is located on the coral island of the same name, which is part of the Lesser Antilles, lying on the eastern border of the Caribbean Sea. It is the easternmost island of the group. From the west it is washed by the waters of the Caribbean Sea, and from the east by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean. The closest islands to Barbados are: in the west – Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, in the north-west – Saint Lucia and Martinique, and in the south-west – Grenada and Trinidad and Tobago. However, all of them are located quite far from Barbdos. The coast of Venezuela is located 435 km southwest of the island.

The area of Barbados is 430 square meters. km. The length of the island from north to south is 34 km, the maximum width is 23 km, the length of the coastline is 97 km. Island Barbados is the top of an underwater ridge covered with coral deposits. The relief of the island is mostly flat, with hilly areas in its central part. The maximum mark of Barabdos is Mount Hillaby (336 m). The island is characterized by karst landforms, as its surface is composed of limestone. Karst formations are formed as a result of erosion of limestone by rainwater and underground sources. Sandy beaches stretch along the western coast of the island, while rocky shores predominate on the east coast. The island is surrounded by coral reefs.

Climate in Barbados

The tropical humid type of climate prevails on the island. The air temperature practically does not change during the year. The hottest months are August and September, at which time during the daytime the air warms up to +30 degrees, and at night it cools down to +26 degrees. A little cooler in January and February, when the daytime air temperature reaches +27 degrees, and the nighttime temperature is +23 degrees. Throughout the year, steady northeast trade winds blow from the Atlantic Ocean, which help to endure the heat more easily.

Relatively “dry” weather in Barbados is set from January to June, at which time the monthly rainfall does not exceed 60 mm. The wet season in Barbados lasts from June to December, the monthly rainfall during this period of the year can reach 200 mm. A characteristic feature of the wet season are daily short, but quite strong tropical downpours. The average annual amount of precipitation on the coast of Barbados is 1100 mm, and on the windward slopes of the hills of the central part of the island it reaches 2100 mm. Barbados is at the southern end of the tropical cyclone route, with the highest chance of stormy weather occurring between June and October.

Best time to visit:
The best time to visit Barbados is the “dry” season, which runs from January to June. During this period, the probability of tropical showers is the lowest.

History in Barbados

The first inhabitants of Barbados were Indians. In 350 AD Indigenous peoples of Venezuela, the Saladoids-Barrancoids, arrived on the island from the Orinoco River valley in 800 AD. – Indians from the Arawak tribe, and in the 13th century – Indians of the Carib tribe, who ousted the previous inhabitants.

The first Europeans to set foot on the island were Portuguese travelers and Spanish conquistadors. It happened in the 16th century. The conquistadors enslaved the locals, began to take them to work in other countries, which ultimately led to the fact that the island became uninhabited. At the beginning of the 17th century, British sailors landed on Barbados, who immediately declared it the property of England. Since 1625, the British began to establish settlements here. Many slaves, mostly blacks, were brought to the island, in addition, the island became a haven for English political criminals. The slaves worked on sugarcane plantations, which immediately became the island’s main crop and main export product. In 1637, a parliament was formed in Barbados – the House of the Legislative Assembly, it is now the third oldest parliament in the Commonwealth of Nations. However, only a small part of the population received the right to vote. In 1652, Barbados officially passed to the English state and began to be controlled by a governor appointed by him.

By 1680, most of the island’s plantations were owned by private owners who used slave labor. The harsh conditions of slavery caused numerous riots and uprisings. It was not until 1833 that the British Parliament approved a law abolishing slavery in the colonies. However, the majority of the rural population continued to work on sugar plantations, in addition, former slaves did not participate in the political life of the island. In 1876, an uprising took place in Barbados, whose participants opposed the unification of the island with other British colonies in the West Indies. In 1885, the island was finally separated from other British possessions and turned into a separate crown colony of Great Britain. At the end of the 19th century, people of African descent received voting rights, but a rigid property qualification remained,

After the First World War, the right to vote was granted to a wider section of the population. In the 1930s, descendants of former slaves organized a political rights movement and founded the Barbados Labor Party. They achieved that in 1948 Barbados received limited internal self-government, and in February 1951 universal suffrage was introduced. By 1949, power was wrested from the planters, and in 1958 the leader of the Barbados Labor Party, Grantley Adams, became the country’s first prime minister. In 1961, Barbados received full internal self-government, and in June 1966 the island entered into negotiations with the UK on its independence. The independence of the island was proclaimed on November 30, 1966.

Currently, the country has a high unemployment rate. The country’s economy is based on sugarcane trade, tourism and foreign investment, mainly from the US, Canada, the UK and the Caribbean Community.

Barbados Geography