Austria Geography and Climate

Austria is world famous for its ski resorts. Beginners and amateurs rest here, professionals train. Excellent conditions for recreation and developed infrastructure attract more and more tourists to Austria every year. The purity of the local lakes and the beauty of nature will amaze the most sophisticated travelers. There really is something to see in Austria – beautiful mountain landscapes, mysterious caves and, of course, the quiet streets of Vienna with cozy cafes and an exquisite menu.

Traveling around Austria is best in late spring or early autumn. However, the main tourist seasons, when the hotels are full, fall on the summer period and the Christmas holidays. The ski season lasts until mid-April.

The official language of Austria is German.

Geography in Austria

According to top-engineering-schools, Austria is located in Central Europe. In the north it borders with Germany and the Czech Republic, in the west – with Switzerland and Liechtenstein, in the south – with Italy and Slovenia, in the east – with Slovakia and Hungary. The total area of Austria is 83,850 sq. km. Most of the country’s territory is occupied by the Eastern Alps, which are called Austrian here. The highest point is Mount Grossglockner (3797 m), on it is one of the largest glaciers in Europe – Pasteursee. The Danube is the most important water artery in Austria. Flat areas stretch along it. The main tributary of the Danube is the river Inn. In Austria many picturesque lakes.

Climate in Austria

The climate in Austria is temperate. In the western regions of the country, the influence of the Atlantic is noticeable, and in the mountains and in the east it is more continental. The coldest month is January. On the plains in winter, the temperature is mostly slightly negative, in the east of the country it does not fall below +10 degrees, and in mountainous areas frosts down to -15 degrees are noted. Summer in the east of Austria is hot, for example, in Vienna in July and August during the daytime the air warms up to +30 degrees. In the western regions, the summer is warm – the daytime air temperature reaches +21..+23 degrees, at night it is noted up to +13 degrees. In the mountains in the summer months, the air temperature ranges from +25 degrees during the day to +10 degrees at night. The annual rainfall in the east of Austria is about 600 mm, and in the west – up to 2000 mm. They mostly fall during the summer.

Water in local lakes warms up to +25..+27 degrees in summer.

Best time to visit:
The best time to visit Austria is late spring or early autumn. However, the main tourist seasons, when the hotels are full, fall on the summer period and the Christmas holidays. The ski season lasts until mid-April.

History in Austria

In the 2nd millennium BC. the territory of present-day Austria was inhabited by Aryan tribes, and in 300 BC settlements of Gauls and Celts were formed here. In the 1st century A.D. e. the southern part of the lands was captured by the Romans, they brought Christianity and built fortifications around the cities, as barbarian tribes constantly raided. Gradually, the Germans who settled in this territory, together with the Hungarians and Slovene peoples, formed the Austrian nation. For many years the duchy was ruled by the Habsburg dynasty. It flourished in the 18th century, and after the defeat of Austria in a long war with Prussia for Germany, Austria-Hungary was formed, which by the end of the 19th century became the second largest state in Europe. But the power of the state was undermined by the defeat in the First World War and the revolution of 1918, which overthrew the monarchy. During the Second World War, Austria was occupied by fascist troops, and after it ended, it was occupied by 4 victorious countries. It gained independence in May 1955 and became a federal republic on October 25, 1955. Currently, Austria is a member of the UN, the European Union, the European Economic Society and the Schengen Commonwealth. This is a developed democratic state, which is rightfully considered one of the most important cultural and economic centers of Europe. European Economic Society and the Commonwealth of the Schengen countries. This is a developed democratic state, which is rightfully considered one of the most important cultural and economic centers of Europe.

Austria Geography

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