Australia Geography and Climate

A visit to Australia today is a kind of winning lottery ticket, which gives you the opportunity to see with your own eyes the uniqueness and originality of the smallest of the earth’s continents. Indeed, many people are prevented from enjoying the unique natural beauties and unique flora and fauna of Australia by its extreme inaccessibility – the duration of an air flight to Australia for Europeans takes a little less than a day. However, for those who overcome this obstacle, a hitherto unknown world opens up – the world of “antipodes”, so unusual and mysterious for our culture.

It is here that you can see the indescribable beauty of the Great Barrier Reef – a grandiose coral ridge, marvel at the Aboriginal family frying the meat of their honestly obtained kangaroo on a fire using a Teflon pan, ride in a car of a kangaroo hunter and dine in a Sydney restaurant located in the building of a former prison for convicts.

Fifty-degree deserts, small patriarchal towns, abandoned gold mines and sheep ranches are combined with English-style metropolises and the surfing craze on the coasts. And the owners of all this wealth have already managed to become famous for their simplicity and love of life throughout the world, where such features, combined with the manner of speaking through teeth and with half-closed lips, have become the hallmark of the inhabitants of Terra Australis Incоgnita – the Unknown Southern Land.

The best time to visit Australia depends on the type of intended holiday and the area in which it is planned.

For visiting Canberra, Sydney and New South Wales with excursions, the periods from August to October and from February to April are best suited (local spring and autumn), as in the summer months it can be uncomfortable due to the heat. The same periods should be recommended to European beach lovers who come here, as well as to the world-famous resorts of Queensland – Goldcoast and Sunny Beach.

For trips both for sightseeing purposes and for beach fun on the South coast of Australia (Adelaide, Albany), to the capital of Western Australia – to Perth, to the island of Tasmania, and also to the state of Victoria (Melbourne) recommended summer months – from November to February, because the climate here is cooler than in the north.

To visit the central regions of the country (for example, for a trip to Alice Springs), as well as Darwin, the winter months (June – August) are recommended, the rest of the time in the continental parts of Australia, very hot and uncomfortable weather can prevail, and heavy rainfall can fall in the north.

The summer months (November-February) are the best for surfing, when the water temperature reaches 20-25 degrees in different areas.

The same statement is true for diving on the southern, western and eastern coasts of Australia. On the Great Barrier Reef, the season lasts almost all year round, but the summer months are still more popular.

The official language of Australia is English. At the same time, more than 40 other languages ​​and dialects are recognized and used in communication (Italian, Greek, German, Chinese, dialects of the indigenous population, etc.)

Geography in Australia

According to top-engineering-schools, Australia is the only country in the world that occupies an entire continent. This is the smallest continent on earth, which, in combination, is also the flattest, the driest, the most urbanized and the most reserved. The total area of the mainland is 7.7 million km. Most of the country’s territory is occupied by deserts and vast plains, in the southeast – small mountains. Only two percent of the territory is above the thousand-meter mark, and the highest peak – Mount Kosciuszko has a height of only 2228 meters, so you can safely add the “lowest” to the list of “most-most” in the Australian continental characteristic. In the central-western part of the continent, more than 50% of the land is desert: the Great Sandy Desert, the Great Victoria Desert and the Gibson Desert. In the northeast, tropical forests go straight to the coast. In the mountains in the southeast, as well as on the island of Tasmania, snow sometimes falls. The beauty of the world famous Great Barrier Reef, the largest living coral colony in the world, is unique, but its future is by no means cloudless.

Climate in Australia

Australia is the driest continent on Earth, three-quarters of its surface has insufficient moisture. Climatic conditions on the continent are determined by its position near the equator, on both sides of the tropic. It was the hot tropical sun that caused the formation of extended deserts on the continent.

Compared to South Africa and South America, south of the Equator, Australia is more “stretched” from west to east. With a weak dissection of the coastline, this causes constantly high temperatures in the interior and gives the right to consider it the hottest part of the land of the southern hemisphere.

The main territory of Australia is located in three climatic zones – from the subequatorial in the north, in the main part of the tropical, in the subtropical in the south, and the island of Tasmania is classified by climatologists as a temperate zone.

From December to February (in the summer of the southern hemisphere), the mainland warms up strongly, especially its central parts; This is the hot season of the year. In the area of Alice Springs (the center of Australia) and in the adjacent deserts, the average air temperatures during the day are about 35-36 degrees, and on some days even above +40. In winter, daytime temperatures here are almost two times lower – about +20 degrees, in the Great Victoria Desert – up to +10 degrees, in some years night frosts are not ruled out.

In inland areas, the influx of moist air from the north leads to occasional rains in summer, which, on the whole, are of little effect. South of 19-20 o s. sh. rainfall is no more than 300 mm, and semi-deserts and deserts dominate.

On the West Coast – in Perth, the climate is somewhat milder due to the influence of the ocean – in summer it is usually 30-degree heat, in winter the air cools down to +18…+20 degrees during the day and +6…+8 at night.

In the most inhabited region of Australia – the southeast coast, the Mediterranean type of climate reigns – with hot, dry summers and rainy mild winters. So, in Melbourne in the summer on typical January days, the thermometer usually stays around +25..+27 degrees, and in winter it drops to +10…+12, at night to +5.

In the coolest part of the country – on the island of Tasmania, a typical British climate reigns – in summer the daytime temperature is +20… +22, in winter it is ten degrees cooler. In winter, night frosts occur, but there is no stable snow cover here – in the entire region, snow steadily falls only on the tops of the mountains.

Best time to visit:
The best time to visit Australia depends on the type of holiday you intend to visit and the area in which you plan to spend it.

For visiting Canberra, Sydney and New South Wales with excursions, the periods from August to October and from February to April are best suited (local spring and autumn), as in the summer months it can be uncomfortable due to the heat. The same periods should be recommended to European beach lovers who come here, as well as to the world-famous resorts of Queensland – Goldcoast and Sunny Beach.

For trips both for sightseeing purposes and for beach fun on the South coast of Australia (Adelaide, Albany), to the capital of Western Australia – to Perth, to the island of Tasmania, and also to the state of Victoria (Melbourne)recommended summer months – from November to February, because the climate here is cooler than in the north.

To visit the central regions of the country (for example, for a trip to Alice Springs), as well as Darwin, the winter months (June – August) are recommended, the rest of the time in the continental parts of Australia, very hot and uncomfortable weather can prevail, and heavy rainfall can fall in the north.

The summer months (November-February) are the best for surfing, when the water temperature reaches 20-25 degrees in different areas.

The same statement is true for diving on the southern, western and eastern coasts of Australia. On the Great Barrier Reef, the season lasts almost all year round, but the summer months are still more popular.

Australia Geography