Aruba, Netherlands Geography and Climate

Aruba is one of the most popular islands in the Lesser Antilles. You can sunbathe and swim here all year round, because the country is located very close to the equator. Tourists are also attracted here by the fact that Aruba is located outside the zone of passage of tropical hurricanes, which periodically hit most of the Caribbean islands.

The western and southern coasts of Aruba are one huge endless white sand beach. The underwater world of the coastal waters of Aruba is very bright – here you can see all kinds of corals, including rare black ones, as well as a variety of fish, lobsters and turtles.

Aruba annually hosts the World Windsurfing Championship, because the local trade winds create excellent conditions for practicing this sport. In addition to nature and climatic conditions, Aruba boasts a historical heritage – in ancient times, Indian tribes lived here, as evidenced by rock art, hieroglyphs on stones and numerous museums.

You can visit Aruba all year round. Windsurfing is best practiced from January to March, when the most suitable wind conditions are observed.

The official language of the island is Dutch. Many locals speak the Papiamento language, which was formed from Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, English and Indian dialects. English and Spanish are also widely spoken.

Geography in Aruba, Netherlands

According to top-engineering-schools, Aruba is part of the Lesser Antilles, which are located in the Caribbean Sea. It is located 12 degrees north of the equator. The length of the island stretches for 30 km, and its maximum width reaches 9 km, the area is about 193 square meters. km.

The relief of Aruba is flat, the highest point – Mount Hamanota – reaches a height of only 188 m. Sandy beaches are located in the west, and deserted rocky shores prevail in the eastern (windward) part of the island.

Climate in Aruba, Netherlands

Aruba has a tropical maritime climate. During the year, the temperature is approximately the same, the differences in the temperature regime between December and January, as well as in the daily course of temperature, do not exceed 4 degrees.

In summer, during the daytime, the air warms up to 32 degrees Celsius, and at night it cools down to +26..+28 degrees. In December, about 28 degrees of heat is observed during the day, and +24..+26 degrees at night. The strong heat on the island is softened by the northeast trade winds, the same winds quickly carry clouds over Aruba, not allowing them to linger for a long time and develop into powerful thunderclouds, so there is no rainy season as such in Aruba.

The maximum amount of precipitation falls in the period from October to December, mainly short-term showers, in total about 500 mm of precipitation is recorded per year. Aruba is located south of the main trajectory along which hurricanes originating in the Caribbean are moving, so this natural phenomenon is extremely rare here.

Best time to visit:
You can visit Aruba all year round. Windsurfing is best practiced from January to March, when the most suitable wind conditions are observed.

History in Aruba, Netherlands

The first inhabitants of the island of Aruba were Indians – the Arawaks, who came here from Venezuela. Their first settlements date back to 1000 AD. e. In 1499, the Spaniards landed on the island, led by the traveler Alonso de Ojeda. The Europeans enslaved the local population and began to sell them as slaves to various parts of the world, this continued until the abolition of slavery in 1863.

In 1636, as a result of the defeat of Spain in the war with Holland, the island became a possession of Holland. In 1805, during the war with Napoleon, the British controlled the island, but in 1816 the Dutch regained these lands.

In 1824, gold deposits were discovered on the territory of the island, by the beginning of the 20th century these deposits were developed, and the oil rush replaced the gold rush. This time was marked by the opening of oil refineries here by some Western oil companies. These plants processed Latin American oil, which brought the main income to the economy of the island.

In the second half of the 20th century, tourism became the main branch of the Aruba economy. On January 1, 1986, Aruba, remaining part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, achieved the possibility of internal self-government.

Aruba, Netherlands Geography