Argentina Geography and Climate

Argentina is one of the largest countries in South America. It stretches from north to south for almost 4,000 km. On such a vast territory there is almost everything that is necessary for recreation, and for every taste. These are sandy beaches, picturesque waterfalls, mountain peaks and snow-capped volcanoes, glaciers of incredible size and a diverse natural world.

In Argentina, you can practice all kinds of active sports or just relax with your family on the shores of a lake or ocean. Argentina is the birthplace of hot Latin Americans and passionate Argentinean tango. This is one of the few countries on the continent that can fully acquaint you with the culture and spirit of South America.

Traveling in Argentina is best from October to May, visiting waterfalls from May to November, and skiing in ski resorts from May to September.

The official language of Argentina is Spanish. Only employees of hotels and sellers in large stores can explain themselves in English.

Geography in Argentina

According to top-engineering-schools, Argentina is located in South America, in the southeastern part of it. The area of the country is 2780 thousand square meters. km. The country stretches from north to south for 3700 km, and from west to east – for 1400 km. She also owns the eastern part of the island of Tierra del Fuego and several small islands. Argentina is bordered to the north and northeast by Bolivia, Paraguay and Brazil, to the east by Uruguay, to the south and west by Chile.

The eastern shores are washed by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean. West of Argentina The Andes ranges stretched with the highest mountain of the Western Hemisphere – Aconcagua (6959 m). On average, the heights of the Argentine Andes do not exceed 4500 m. In the western part of the Andes there is a chain of volcanoes, among them is the highest active volcano on Earth – Ojos del Salado (6887 m). Earthquakes are not uncommon in this region of Argentina.

In the southwestern part of the mountains is the Lake District. Almost the entire northern part of Argentina is occupied by the flat plateau of the Gran Chaco, a little to the south is the steppe region, called the Pampas in South America.

In the south of Argentina stretches the rocky plateau of semi-desert Patagonia, which is cut through by canyons. The main water artery of the country is the Parana River. It is the second longest river in South America. It flows into the Gulf of La Plata. The main tributaries of the ParanĂ¡ are Paraguay and Uruguay.

Climate in Argentina

In the far north of the country, a tropical climate prevails, in the central parts – subtropical, and in the south – temperate. The hottest month is January; in the north of the country, daily January temperatures often reach +33 degrees, and at night the air cools down to only +20 degrees. Throughout the year, in the northern regions, the daytime air temperature fluctuates between +20..+22 degrees.

In the central parts of the country, during the summer months, it is about +26 degrees during the day and +17 degrees at night, it is here on the coasts that the main beach resorts of the country are located. In winter it is quite cool here – during the day it is about +12 degrees, at night – up to +4 degrees.

In the southern regions, in a temperate climate, January daytime temperatures are +15 degrees, at night the temperature drops to +5 degrees, from June to August negative temperatures prevail – about 0 in the daytime, and up to -7 at night.

The climate of Argentina is strongly influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. Humid air masses from the ocean enter the country and pour out as rain on the eastern slopes of the Andes. Precipitation generally decreases from east to west. In the central part of Argentina, about 300 mm of precipitation per year falls on the plains, on the eastern slopes of the mountains and in the north of the country in the tropics, up to 1600 mm of precipitation is observed, in Patagonia – up to 100 mm per year.

Best time to visit:
Traveling in Argentina is best from October to May, visiting waterfalls from May to November, and skiing in ski resorts from May to September.


The Lake District is located in the central part of the Argentine Andes in the Najuel Huapi National Park. It is best to get acquainted with these places from the resort of Bariloche. In winter it is a ski resort, and in summer it is a great place for fishing and a relaxing holiday on Lake Nahuel Huapi.

In the lakes you can catch brown and rainbow trout, Atlantic salmon, perca and Patagonian peherey. The fishing season runs from mid-November to mid-April. In addition, an excursion to the Arayana myrtle grove is arranged from Bariloche. There are no more than 5 of them on earth, and here the territory of the grove is 12 hectares.

Argentina Geography