About Egypt

Egypt is an ancient country, therefore, almost throughout its entire territory there are many historical treasures that have remained here from the time of Ancient Egypt. It is believed that Egypt, as a country, has been known for more than 6,000 years, and during this time many interesting places have accumulated here. Of course, everyone knows the “calling card” of the country – the pyramids. There are more than a hundred pyramids in the country, and they all differ in shape and size. That small number of pyramids that have managed to survive to this day acts as the main “magnet” of tourists. Since tourists are an important source of income for the country, the authorities are doing their best to improve conditions for guests of the country every year. For those who want to relax on the sea coast, there is also a place here.

Geography of Egypt

According to extrareference.com, Egypt is one of the largest Arab states. The territory of the state is more than 100 thousand km. square and lies on two continents at once. One part is located in the northeastern part of Africa near the Nile River, and the other belongs to Asia. The eastern part of the country is washed by the Red Sea, and the northern part has access to the Mediterranean. The south of the country borders with such an African state as Sudan, in the northeast with Israel, and in the west with Libya. A large area of the country is occupied by desert regions, oases are extremely rare here.

Capital

Cairo

Area

The area of Egypt is 1,002,450 km2. sq., occupies the 30th place in the world by area.

Population

80,085,862 people.

Currency

The national currency is the Egyptian pound (EGP).

Language

The official language is Arabic.

Visa to Egypt

For holidays in Egypt, residents of the CIS countries must obtain a visa without fail. This can be done not only at the embassy, but also at the main airports in Egypt, as well as at the Nuweiba river port, where the ferry arrives from Jordan. A single-entry visa on arrival can be issued at any entry into the country, except for the land crossing at the border with Israel. To obtain such a visa, it is enough to have a foreign passport with you. a passport that expires at least two months after the end of your trip, and the end of the trip is determined by the date of departure on the return tickets. Obtaining such a visa is free, you only need to pay for a visa stamp, which costs $15. You can extend your visa in any major city by contacting the Egyptian Interior Ministry. The renewal price is not high and is about $5-10. However, rarely a visa is extended for more than a month. To obtain a temporary residence permit, you must have real estate or an employer in the country. For those who are going to visit the coast of Sharm el-Sheikh, you do not need to pay for a visa. To do this, you need to get a special stamp (Sinai stamp) in your passport at the Sharm el-Sheikh airport, but its validity is only 15 days.

Weather in Egypt

Almost all of Egypt has a tropical climate with high daily temperatures and a continental character. Summer here falls on May-September and the average temperature in this season is +20 +25 C. A characteristic feature of the local climate is a significant fluctuation in daily temperature. For example, in winter, the daytime temperature can reach +29 C, and at night it can drop to 0 C, and in some cases even lower. In February, in the Mediterranean Sea, the average water temperature is +18 degrees, and in the Red Sea it can reach +25 C. Very often, in winter and spring, hot winds blow in Egypt and at this time the air temperature can rise to +45 C, while when the humidity drops to 10%. Annual rainfall is negligible and is approximately 200 mm per year. Traditionally, to visit Sharm el-Sheikh and Hurghada, it is better to choose the time in autumn or spring, and in winter, hot winds can cause discomfort. It is advisable to visit Cairo in winter, when it is not so hot and stuffy here. Visiting seaside resorts is comfortable at any time of the year.

Currency exchange in Egypt

As of August 2011, the national currency rate is 1 USD = 5.96 EGP. The national currency is the Egyptian pound. The working hours of banks are most often individual, but most of them work from 10.00 to 14.00 and from 18.00 to 21.00, Friday and Saturday are days off. You can use dollars everywhere, but in this case no one will give you change and the price in them is much higher. It is most advantageous to exchange money at the airport and banks. In hotels, exchange offices very often do not work and the commission in them is higher. In tourist cities, you can use credit cards and travelers checks. ATMs are very common in shopping areas. It is recommended not to use credit cards, as the country is one of the first places in the number of various frauds with credit cards.

Electricity

220V/50Hz (European sockets).

Religion

Most of the Egyptians are Muslims (90%), the rest of the believers are Christians. Christians are divided into two groups (Catholics and Copts). Most of the Copts live in Lower Egypt. An interesting fact is that despite the fact that only 8 million Copts live in the country, Egypt is one of the largest Christian countries in the Middle East.

Security

According to the authorities of the country, visiting the territory in the south from Cairo to Luxor is undesirable for tourists. This is due to the violent clashes between local Islamists and the police, which took place in the 90s. And although the situation has stabilized here, the police still create all sorts of barriers to tourists visiting these places. It is also not recommended to arrive in some places on the border with Israel.

Health

When visiting Egypt, it is advisable to be vaccinated against malaria and fever, especially for those people who are going to arrive outside of major cities and tourist centers. Despite paid medical services, they are of very low quality here, the only exception is hospitals in tourist centers. Although honey. insurance is optional here, it is still better to have an insurance policy, because if you need medical care, the insurance company will be able to monitor the proper provision of services. It is imperative to observe all the rules of personal hygiene, drinking water from any source of water and from the tap is not recommended.

About Egypt

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