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Education in Zambia

Zambia - education

Zambia - education, The public education system in Zambia dates back to the 1880's when British colonial power supported the creation of mission schools. The influence is still noticeable as the language of instruction is English.

Education in Zambia

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The school system includes a free, compulsory seven-year elementary school for 7-14 year olds. The elementary school, which is characterized by high dropout rate, is followed by a five-year superstructure, which is divided into a three- and a two-year level that can be general or vocational.

Higher education takes place at the country's two universities in Kitwe and Lusaka as well as at other higher education institutions.

OFFICIAL NAME: Zambia

CAPITAL CITY: Lusaka

POPULATION: 14,640,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)

AREA: 752,614 km²

OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: English, approximately 40 bantu languages, including bemba, nyanja and tonga

RELIGION: Protestants 23%, Catholics 17%, other Christians 6%, natives religions 27%, Muslims 1%, others 26%

CURRENCY: Kwacha

CURRENCY CODE: ZMK

ENGLISH NAME: Zambia

INDEPENDENCE: 1964

POPULATION COMPOSITION: bemba 40%, maravi 20%, tonga 15%, barotze 8%, other 17%

GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 1810 (2014)

LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 50 years, women 53.5 years (2014)

LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, HDI: 0561

LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, POSITION: 141

INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .zm

POPULATION

Zambia, (derived from the river name Zambezi), republic and inland state of southern Africa; formerly the British colony of Northern Rhodesia, independent in 1964. Copper mining meant that the colony was one of the richest countries in Africa. But the reliance on copper exports, difficult transport conditions and a failed policy has since made the country one of the world's poorest. Zambia is sparsely populated, but population growth is high. Only a small part of the land is used for agricultural purposes, and an increasing proportion of the population lives in the cities. As in other developing countries, there are huge differences between country and city. Most of Zambia is 900-1200 meters above sea level and appears as a flat plateau with savannah and relatively cool climate. A number of large nature parks are considered among the most attractive in the world.

Zambia - Constitution

Zambia Constitution, The Constitution of the Republic, which is from 1991 with amendments from 1996, states that the official language is English. The legislative power lies with up to 159 members of the National Assembly: 150 who are elected for five years by general election in single-person constituencies, a maximum of eight nominated by the president, and a chairman elected by members of the National Assembly. The executive has the president who is elected for five years by direct election; he appoints a prime minister and members of the government. Zambia is divided into nine provinces, each headed by a governor appointed by the president.

Zambia - economy

Zambia - Economy, President Kenneth Kaunda, after independence in 1964, embarked on a series of national development programs that partly prioritized the education and health sector, and partly focused on the expansion of Zambia's infrastructure and manufacturing industry.

In order to reduce the European influence on the economy, in 1968 the government nationalized the country's largest companies; the economy was also subject to tighter government control.

In the 1970's, Zambia was hit hard by falling copper prices in the wake of the first oil crisis and the sanctions against neighboring Rhodesia; it led to major balance of payments and debt problems, which continued into the 1980's. In 1986, the country had to apply for financial support from the International Monetary Fund (IMF). However, it was only after the fall of the communist regimes in Europe that the government was fully prepared to live up to the IMF's counterclaim for a rigorous economic stabilization program with social cuts and sweeping structural reforms.

Therefore, in the 1990's, economic policy was geared to implement market economic reforms, including a comprehensive privatization program, which includes the important copper mines. As a reward, the IMF and a number of bilateral creditors, in 2000 and 2005, written off a significant portion of Zambia's foreign debt. The recent debt relief opened the opportunity for a free health service, whose importance is limited by a shortage of personnel.

Zambia's population, many of whom are unemployed or underemployed, and three-quarters are believed to live for less than a dollar a day, are severely affected by HIV/AIDS and malaria, and droughts or floods trigger famine from time to time. An attempt has been made to diversify the economy. with the development of agriculture and tourism; rising copper prices from 2004 have set off a modest growth in GDP, but again exposed the dependence on mining. In 2006, inflation reached less than 10% for the first time in 30 years, and the budget deficit for 2005 was only approximately 3% of GDP, but government debt had then reached 72% of GDP.

Zambia's main export markets are South Africa, China and South Korea, while imports originate primarily from South Africa. Denmark's exports to Zambia in 2005 totaled DKK 28 million. Imports therefrom were DKK 8 million. Danish development assistance to Zambia in the same year was DKK 200 million. kr.

Zambia - social conditions

Zambia - social conditions, Zambia is one of the world's poorest countries and the social situation has deteriorated over the last 25 years. In 2002-3, it was estimated that 67% of the population lives below the local poverty line. More than 46% live in extreme poverty, making it impossible for them to get the necessary basic food. Both health and education are characterized by staff shortages due to high mortality due to HIV/AIDS, but also due to brain drain. It is easy for qualified staff to get better paid jobs in South Africa, among others.

Social areas have further been affected by falling social public spending. In recent years, some improvements have been made, but the situation is still worse than 20 years ago. There is only one doctor per day. 14,000 residents compared to one doctor per 7,000 residents in 1984. In the country there can be more than 100,000 people per year. doctor.

Schools have similar problems. In some areas far from Lusaka, there is only one teacher per 400 students. Despite some growth in investment in education in recent years, progress has been limited.

The poor state of health especially due to HIV/AIDS means that the average Zambian can only expect to live for 37-38 years.

Zambia - Health conditions

Zambia - health conditions, infant mortality is approximately 100 ‰, which is the average for sub-Saharan African countries. Mortality under five years is approximately 200 ‰. The birth rate is high, approximately 45 ‰. The average lifetime is only 37 years. The pattern of disease and mortality is characterized by infectious diseases, and Zambia is one of the countries most affected by AIDS; It is estimated that 20% of people aged 15-49 are HIV positive. Tuberculosis and meningitis as sequelae to AIDS are frequent causes of death, such as pneumonia and gastrointestinal infections. Among children, malnutrition is widespread and measles is a frequent cause of death. Malaria, carhariosis, intestinal parasites, leprosy, cholera, dysentery and sleeping sickness are widespread diseases. Traffic accidents are among the most widespread non-infectious causes of death.

There is a modern healthcare system in the cities, but many people are relegated to using the traditional medicine. There is a great shortage of doctors and other trained healthcare staff.

 
 
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