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Education in Yemen

Yemen - education

Yemen - education, The public, strongly Islamic education system is around 2000 in principle free; however, books and exam fees and certificates are paid. In the adult population, illiteracy totals approximately 50% (2003) and is especially prevalent among women, where about 70% are illiterate.

Education in Yemen

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The nine-year compulsory primary school for 6-15-year-olds is followed by a three-year superstructure. However, schooling is strongly marked by dropouts, especially among the girls, who only make up approximately 1/4 of each year.

Higher education takes place at the country's universities in Sanaa and Aden and at the other higher education institutions.

OFFICIAL NAME: al-Yaman

CAPITAL CITY: Sana

POPULATION: 26,000,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)

AREA: 531,000 km²

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): Arabic

RELIGION: Sunni Muslims 53%, Shia Muslims 47%

COIN: Yemeni Rial

CURRENCY CODE: YER

ENGLISH NAME: Yemen

POPULATION COMPOSITION: Arabs 95%, Indians 2%, Somalis 2%, others 1%

GDP PER residents: 2500 $ (2013)

LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 63, women 67 years (2014)

INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, HDI: 0.500

INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, POSITION: 154

INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .ye

POPULATION

Yemen, (by Arab al-Yaman 'south', eg 'country on the right', perceived as 'the right or happy place'), republic formed in 1990 as a merger of North Yemen and South Yemen, two of the poorest in the Arab world and most backward countries. When the association began the democratization of the political system, but the lack of economic development led to growing social discontent that culminated in a civil war in 1994. Since then the democratic process continues, but the divisions in Yemeni society is large and leads regularly to violence. On the one hand, there are groups linked to al-Qaeda, and on the other, there are major divisions between the Sunnis and the Shiite Houthi rebels.

Yemen - language

Yemen - language, Official language is standard Arabic. In the spoken language, the dialect differences are significant. Most dialects are related to other dialects of the Arabian Peninsula; however, the vocabulary and certain grammatical forms are influenced by Southern Arabic.

The southern Arabic dialects soqotri and mehri are spoken respectively. on Socotra and in the easternmost Hadramawt.

The vocabulary in the spoken language is characterized by a number of Egyptian deposits, not only due to the participation of Egyptian soldiers in the 1962-68 civil war, but also due to the influence of Egyptian television and film.

Yemen - religion

Yemen - religion, Virtually everyone in Yemen is Muslim. The majority are Sunni Muslims and follow the Shafiite law school (see Shafiites), but a large part of the population in the former North Yemen belongs to the Shia Muslim branch zaydiyya.

The Zaidites are named after Husayn ibn Ali's grandson Zaid (d. 740), who in 713/14 was chosen by some as the fifth imam in the line, while the other Shia Muslims recognized Zaid's brother.

Zaydiyya, which is therefore also called the five-imam line, has developed its own theology and its own legal tradition, which is closer to Sunni Islam than other Shia Muslim branches.

Yemen also has a small group of Shia Muslims of the seven-Imam line (see Ismailis). Only a few hundred Yemeni Jews remain in the country. Yemen's religious affairs are administered by a special religious ministry.

Yemen - Constitution

Yemeni Constitution, According to the 1991 Constitution of the Republic of Yemen, with significant amendments from 1994, Islamic law, sharia, must form the basis of all legislation, and the economy must be market - based. Legislative power lies with a unicameral parliament, the House of Representatives, whose 301 members are elected by universal suffrage for four years. The executive has the president, who is elected for five years by direct election; he can only be re-elected once. The President appoints the Prime Minister and the other members of the Government; the formation of a government requires the approval of Parliament.

Yemen - economy

Yemen - economy, After the civil war in 1994, Yemen had to ask the International Monetary Fund for support. The counterclaim was a reform program that was introduced in 1995 and implied that the currency, riyal, was devalued, and the fixed exchange rate policy abandoned; furthermore, fiscal and monetary policy were tightened to reduce a large budget deficit and reduce high inflation. The reform program also included demands for the improvement of public budgets through an ambitious privatization program. However, the government has been reluctant to implement this due to unemployment. The employment situation is exacerbated by the fact that a large proportion of the population is illiterate; therefore, the field of education has been given high priority in development policy. Another problem is that the economy is very sensitive to fluctuations in oil prices; oil accounts for about 90% of export earnings, and Yemen is heavily dependent on imports from abroad.

When oil prices fell in 1998, the IMF froze loans to Yemen because its government would not implement all the required savings; when fuel subsidies were cut in 2005, violent unrest erupted. With rising oil prices from 1999, the state budget has improved and inflation has been reduced; there are (2005) surpluses on the external balances and the external debt has been restructured. However, Yemen remains the poorest country in the Middle East, plagued by unemployment and corruption and dependent on transfers from Yemenis abroad and on aid.

Exports go mainly to China, Chile and Thailand, while imports come mainly from the Gulf states and China. Denmark's exports to Yemen in 2005 amounted to DKK 240 million. DKK, while imports from there were 2 mill. kr.

 
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