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Education in Uganda

Uganda - education

Uganda Education, The biggest challenge for the UK-embedded public education system is getting all children to school; Thus, in the 1990's, only approximately half a year the seven-year elementary school, and the dropout was significant. Continuing education can take place at a six-year superstructure that ends with O-level or A-level (see UK, (education)); there is also a three-year technical school. The country has four universities and colleges.

Education in Uganda

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OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Uganda

CAPITAL CITY: Kampala

POPULATION: 36,100,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)

AREA: 241,000 km²

OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: English, Ganda/Luganda and other Bantu languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili

RELIGION: Catholics 33%, Protestants 33%, natives' religions 18%, Muslims 16%

CURRENCY: Uganda shilling

CURRENCY CODE: UGX

ENGLISH NAME: Uganda

INDEPENDENCE: 1962

POPULATION COMPOSITION: baganda 18%, theso 9%, nkole 8%, soga 8%, gisu 7%, chiga 7%, lango 6%, others 37%

GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 589 (2012)

LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 48 years, women 50 years (2007)

LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, HDI: 0484

LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, POSITION: 164

INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .ug

POPULATION

Uganda, Republic of East Africa, Former British Colony; independent in 1962. The country has many natural resources, fertile soil and a good climate as well as a relatively well-educated population; Churchill called it "the pearl of Africa". After independence, the development has been marked by a series of civil wars and military coups with bloody repression of the population and economic disabilities. Since 1986 economic and political reforms have been implemented, but the country is still among the poorest in the world.

Uganda - language

Uganda - language, Official language is English; as lingua franca, Swahili and Ganda are also used. The more than 40 African languages ​​are more or less equally divided into the two languages Nilo-Saharan and Nigerian-Kurdish, which are spoken in respectively. North and South.

Uganda - religion

Uganda - religion, Of the country's population is approximately 60% Christians and approximately 5% are Muslims, while the rest are predominantly of local ethnic or minor religious communities such as Bahai. The largest Christian church is the Roman Catholic with approximately 9 million members, followed by the Anglican with approximately 4 million members; In addition, there are a number of independent African churches and a rapidly growing Pentecostal movement. Since the end of the 1800's, political party formation has often followed the religious divides between Catholics, Protestants and Muslims.

Uganda - Constitution

Uganda Constitution, Constitution of the Republic is from 1995. The legislative power lies with the 303 members of Parliament, most of whom are elected as individuals by direct elections, with parties unable to nominate candidates; 62 members are elected by indirect elections, including one woman from each constituency, and also the defense, the unions, the disabled and the youth are represented. The election period is five years.

The president is both head of state and head of government, and is elected by direct election for five years. The president appoints a government composed of members of parliament.

In a referendum in 2000, boycotted by opposition parties Democratic Party, DP, and Uganda People's Congress, UPC, it was decided that Uganda should not turn into a multi-party state. The ruling party is the National Resistance Movement.

Uganda - economy

Uganda economy, At independence, Uganda's economy was relatively healthy, but the years of Idi Amin's rule led the country to the brink of bankruptcy. Only after Museveni came to power in 1986 did economic rebuilding begin, with considerable support from, among other things. The International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. Denmark is an important bilateral donor; Danish aid goes to the development of agriculture, health care, infrastructure, public administration and democracy. In 2004, the appropriation was DKK 275 million. kr.

Inflation, which was 200% in 1987, has been brought under control by a tight fiscal and monetary policy. Through structural policy measures, 1986-99 achieved an annual economic growth of approximately 5% average.; the economy has been liberalized, state corporations privatized, and a stock exchange opened in 1998 in Kampala. Since then, growth has been moderate, and Uganda remains one of Africa's poorest countries, with small farmers making up a majority of the population. After many years of current account deficits, considerable external debt has been accumulated; it was decontaminated on several occasions from 1996 to 2001 through the HIPC initiative and the Paris Club. Coffee is Uganda's most important export commodity, and export revenue and the exchange rate in the country's currency, shilling, are therefore very sensitive to changes in coffee prices; however, diversification of exports has largely succeeded,

Uganda's foreign trade is geographically dispersed; the most important partner is Kenya, which accounts for approximately a quarter of the trade. In 2005, Denmark's exports to Uganda totaled DKK 31 million. Imports therefrom were DKK 20 million. kr.

Uganda - social conditions

Uganda - social conditions, Prior to Idi Amin's takeover of power, the health system was relatively well-functioning, but in 1971-86 poverty increased dramatically, while public services to the social sectors largely disappeared. Since 1986, great progress has been made and absolute poverty has been significantly reduced. In 2000, it was estimated that 34% lived below the poverty line, compared to more than 50% in the mid-1990's. However, since then there has apparently been some growth in poverty again, and in 2003 the percentage was calculated at 38%. Inequality has grown both between different population groups and between country and city. Many small farmers have again experienced growing poverty. More than a million internal refugees from the unrest in the north also contribute greatly to the social problems.

A comprehensive poverty reduction plan has produced results, although the development in recent years has been disappointing. Improvements have also been made in health and education efforts with the reintroduction of free schooling. Uganda was one of the countries that first broke the growth in HIV/ AIDS cases. In 1991, the infection rate was estimated at 20%, while it is now at 5-6%. Nevertheless, HIV/AIDS and malaria are the main reasons why the average migrant can only expect to live around 47 years.

Uganda - Health conditions

Uganda - Health conditions, Infant mortality is estimated at approximately 90-115 ‰, but the indications vary from source to source. This corresponds to the average for sub-Saharan African countries and is significantly higher than the average for all developing countries. Mortality under five years is approximately 180 ‰. The average life expectancy is 42 years for men and 44 years for women. Information on disease pattern and causes of death is limited; Infectious diseases are widespread, including pneumonia, tuberculosis, malaria and other tropical diseases. In the northern part of the country, in 2000 there was an infection with Ebola virusin the form of a minor epidemic with over 400 cases and over 160 deaths. Together with neighboring countries Rwanda and Tanzania, Uganda is one of the countries in the world with the highest incidence of HIV/AIDS.

By the independence of 1962, Uganda had East Africa's most well-functioning health system, but the years of civil war severely degraded the health service. In 1998, there were approximately four doctors per 100,000 residents, but this average covers large regional differences. During the 1990's, Uganda carried out a radical decentralization of the public sector, including the health sector.

Uganda - mass media

Uganda - mass media, Since the late 1980's, the media has played a major role in the debate in Uganda. They are not subject to censorship, and both corruption and the government's domestic and foreign policy are criticized. The influence of newspapers, however, is limited by the fact that they are especially a small phenomenon with a small circulation. Some media have undergone significant quality improvements. The independent daily The Monitor is respected and plays a significant role. Freedom of the press has been famous, but in recent years there have been several examples of government criticism and media intimidation. Local radios have been accused of being too negative and creating ethnic tensions, and in 2005 a popular radio station was temporarily shut down after broadcasts the government did not care about.

Since 1993, private radio and television stations have been easy to open, and it is estimated that there are about 100 private stations in total. The official radio, Uganda Broadcasting Corporation (UBC) broadcasts both radio and television. Radio broadcasts in several languages. See also Africa (mass media).

 
 
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