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Education in Tanzania

Tanzania - education

Tanzania - education, The biggest educational challenge is the fight against illiteracy, since approximately 1/3 of the population is still illiterate (1995).

Education in Tanzania

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The school system includes preschools for 4-6 year olds, but they are not widespread. For 7-14 year olds, there is a right, but not a duty, to 7 years of free public school education. approximately 2/3 completes schooling here, while just 5% continues in the bachelor program that is not free and mostly private (1996). It includes a four-year and a two-year step, and the final exam provides access to continuing education.

The country has (1998) 3 universities and 12 colleges (other higher education). The University of Dar es Salaam from 1970 is the oldest and largest.

ETYMOLOGY: The name Tanzania is a contraction of Tanganyika and Zanzibar.

OFFICIAL NAME: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania (United Republic of Tanzania)

CAPITAL CITY: Dodoma

POPULATION: 51,000,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)

AREA: 945,000 km²

OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Swahili, English, approximately 130 African languages, mainly Bantu languages

RELIGION: Muslims 37%, Christians 33%, natives' religions 30%

CURRENCY: shilling

CURRENCY CODE: TZS

ENGLISH NAME: Tanzania

INDEPENDENCE: 1961

POPULATION COMPOSITION: bantu 95% (of which nyamwezi and sukuma 21%, Swahili 9%), masai and luo 4%, other 1%

GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 2591 (2007)

LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 46 years, women 47 years (2007)

LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, HDI: 0488

LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, POSITION: 159

INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .tz

POPULATION

Tanzania, Republic of East Africa, formed in 1964 as the union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. Agriculture is the main occupation, and the country is one of the world's poorest. The approximately 120 ethnic groups have Swahili as a common language. The country's development has been influenced by the Sanzanat of Zanzibar, the German and British colonial powers and the one-party and multi-party systems of the independent state.

The climate is tropical; warm and humid along the coast, hot and dry on the central plateau savanna that covers most of the country, and cool and humid in the highlands.

Tanzania - language

Tanzania - Languages, Official languages ​​are English and Swahili, spoken by most. Of the country's more than 130 African languages are more than 90% bantusprog belonging to the Niger-kordofanske family of languages, but also the other three African sprogætter represented, Afro Asian thus including the Kushite language iraqw (about 460,000), Nilo-Saharan with the Nilotic language maasai (about 430,000) and khoisan with seven (about 40,000).

Tanzania - religion

Tanzania - religion, approximately 40% of Tanzania's population is Muslim, approximately 40% are Christians and the rest profess to traditional African religions. However, the boundaries are fluid, especially in the countryside, where both Islam and Christianity are often combined with African religion. With its 3 million. members are Evangelical Lutheran Church of Tanzania Africa's largest Lutheran church. Islam is most widespread along the coast, in the islands and in areas around the former caravan roads; both Shiism and Sunnism exist. Islam is an integral part of Swahili culture and has its own East African form of expression in Tanzania. Apart from 1995, in connection with the multi-party elections, there have never been any significant religious tensions in Tanzania.

Tanzania - Constitution

Tanzania - Constitution, Federal Republic of Tanzania Constitution is from 1992. Zanzibar Sub-Republicformally has its own constitution, president and national assembly, but is effectively governed by decree. Tanzania's legislative power lies with a one-chamber parliament, Bunge, with 275 members. Of these, 232 are directly elected in single-person constituencies. 15% of the other elected officials must be women. Indirectly elected are 5 representatives from Zanzibar's parliament, 1 (Advocate General) is an ex-officio member, while 37 are elected by the country's 5 mass organizations for youth, women, family, workers and cooperatives. The executive has the president who appoints a prime minister. The president is elected by direct election for five years; he is the head of state and commander of the armed forces. The Prime Minister is also the First Vice President, while the President of Zanzibar is the Second Vice President.

Tanzania - social conditions

Tanzania - social conditions, Tanzania set great goals after independence. Huge resources were invested in health and school programs to reach all parts of the country. The financial difficulties of the 1970's and 1980's meant that the programs collapsed and in the late 1990's the health and education situation was in many ways inferior to 15 years earlier. Debt to the outside world forced the government to reduce social spending for many years.

Economic growth and a comprehensive poverty reduction program have in recent years improved the situation, not least in the field of education, which, however, is characterized by great inequality. Today, the country's middle and upper classes largely choose private schools. Tanzania is still one of the poorest countries in the world, and growth has not been large enough to seriously fight economic poverty.

Unemployment is very high especially among the very young. Each year, around 800,000 young people enter the labor market, but far fewer jobs are created. In Dar es Salaam, unemployment is estimated to be around 45%. The poor health situation and especially high mortality due to malaria and HIV/AIDS have led to the average life expectancy in Tanzania having dropped to 46 years.

Tanzania - health conditions

Tanzania - health conditions, mean life is estimated at 44 years for men and 49 years for women. Infant mortality is set at 80-95 ‰, and 12% of all children die before the age of five. It is fewer than the average of sub-Saharan African countries, but the figures must be reserved. Infectious diseases, including pneumonia, tuberculosis, malaria and other tropical diseases, are widespread. Especially in the western part of the country there is a very high prevalence of HIV/AIDS, and the numerous refugees from Burundi, Rwanda and Congo are living in poor health. There are only approximately four doctors per 100,000 residents, but vaccination coverage of children is high. In the larger cities, almost everyone has access to clean drinking water, in the countryside only approximately half of the population, and in the slums the fewest.

Tanzania - mass media

Tanzania - mass media, Until 1988, most of the media was the voice of the government, but since the introduction of the multi-party system, the number of independent media has grown, both radio and printed newspapers and magazines, partly in English and partly in Kiswahili. Tanzania first got state television in 2001, while a private television station started broadcasting in 1994. In general, the print media has considerable freedom, while the state radio that still dominates is dominated by government views. The mainland and Zanzibar have different media laws. The Media Act, which in 2001 created greater media freedom on the mainland, does not apply to Zanzibar, where private radio or private newspapers are not allowed. However, many can follow through the mainland media.

Tanzania - music

Tanzania music, Tanzania's music culture encompasses many genres, and traditional as well as popular music are also important pieces in the country's cultural policy. Christian choral music mkwaya, Muslim taarab and dance music muziki wa densi are prevalent. Since the 1980's, Bagamoyo College of the Arts has established itself as a center for traditional music, while popular musicians such as Remmy Ongala have to do more commercially.

 
 
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