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Education in Sudan

Sudan - education

Sudan education, the education system where there is no compulsory schooling, was in the 1990's mainly aimed at the development of basic education and technical and vocational youth education. More than half of the adult population is illiterate.

Education in Sudan

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The public education system consists of a free six-year elementary school level for 6-13 year-olds, which is followed by a three-year middle school. approximately 44% (1996) seek these two levels, which are followed by a three-year superstructure. Promotion from one level to the next is subject to satisfactory exam results.

Further education takes place at the country's eight universities or abroad with state aid. The private university Ahfad University for Women in Omdurman is for women only.

ETYMOLOGY: The name Sudan comes from Arabic (bilād) -us-Sudān 'the land of the black people'.

OFFICIAL NAME: Jamhuryat es-Sudan

CAPITAL CITY: Khartoum

POPULATION: 36,108,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)

AREA: 1,861,484 km²

OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Arabic, approximately 120 languages, most Nilo-Saharan

RELIGION: Sunni Muslims 72%, natives religions 17%, Catholics 7%, Protestants 4%

CURRENCY: dinar

CURRENCY CODE: SDD

ENGLISH NAME: Sudan

INDEPENDENCE: 1956

POPULATION COMPOSITION: Arabs 49%, Dinka 12%, Nuba 8%, Beja 6%, Nuer 5%, others 20%

GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 1985 (2014)

LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 55 years, women 58 years (2007)

LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, HDI: 0473

LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, POSITION: 166

INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .SD

POPULATION

Sudan, Northeast African Republic; Africa's now third largest country after its split on July 9, 2011. Former Sudan was divided into Sudan and South Sudan following a referendum on January 9, 2011. Sudan lies as the transition between Arab-dominated North Africa and "Black Africa", and the population is both of Arab and African descent. The majority are Muslims, but to the south Christianity and traditional religions dominate. Nileruns through Sudan and is the country's most important resource. Since independence from Britain in 1956, two civil wars have left the country underdeveloped and the population deeply divided. Extreme poverty is widespread and famine is frequent. It is generally very hot in Sudan, and the natural vegetation ranges from desert in the north to rainforest in the south. The economy is based on agriculture; the exploitation of the country's oil reserves and other resources is hampered by military conflicts.

Sudan - language

Sudan language, Official language is Arabic; the spoken language is sudanese arabic, spoken by approximately half of the population as a first language and also by many as a second language. Most of the country's approximately 120 other languages ​​belong to the Nilo-Saharan language set, but also the Nigerian Kordofan and Afro-Asian language sets are represented. Most prevalent in addition to Arabic are the Kushite language beja, the Nilo-Saharan language dinka, nuer, shilluk, bari, lotuko, fur and kenzi-dongolawi as well as ubangi language zande. To the south, the Pidgins speak Yuba -Arabic.

Sudan - religion

Sudan - religion Although Sudan is totally dominated by Islam, the country is very religious in its composition. approximately 75% of the population are Muslims (Sunni); the Arabic-speaking Muslim population resides in North Sudan. In the southern part of the country, traditional African religions and Christianity dominate. Sudan's official state religion is Islam and since 1989 the country's political system has been based on Islam.

Sudan - Constitution

Sudan Constitution, The Constitution of the Republic of Sudan is from 2005. Islam forms the basis of the judiciary in the northern part.

In 2005, the National Assembly adopted a temporary constitution as part of a comprehensive peace agreement between the Sudanese government and the Sudanese People's Liberation Army (SPLA). The new constitution is the basis for a national unifying government, in which Northern Sudan must have 70% of the posts and South Sudan 30%. It is further stipulated that until the fourth year of the interim period, the National Assembly must be composed of 450 members appointed by the President in collaboration with the First Vice President. Members must be divided between North and South with respectively. 70% and 30%. In the fourth year of the general elections, general elections must be held for the National Assembly. It is also provided for in the provisional constitution.

Sudan - economy

Sudan economy, Sudan is one of the world's poorest countries and characterized by civil war, large numbers of internally displaced persons, lack of infrastructure and poorly trained workforce. Up to the peace agreement in 2005, the economy was characterized by large annual deficits on public budgets as a result of insufficient tax revenues as well as civil war expenses; public debt exceeded annual GDP in 2005 A major problem in this regard was the lack of a developed capital market, which is why the deficit was financed through money issuance. It has been a contributing factor to a very high inflation rate and ongoing devaluation of the currency, pounds. Sustainable trade and current account deficits since the 1970's have resulted in large external debt, which has largely been systematically defaulted. In 1997, threatenedThe International Monetary Fund (IMF) therefore excludes Sudan from the organization. The government then launched a reform program aimed at liberalizing and privatizing the economy; At the same time, a more stability-oriented economic policy is pursued, which includes should bring down inflation. In 1999 it was so successful that the pound was replaced by a new currency unit, dinar, in a 10: 1 ratio. The reform policy led the IMF to resume lending.

Sudan has traditionally received significant financial assistance from Arab countries and international donors, but its support for Iraq during the 1991 Gulf War largely ceased this assistance. In 1998, the United States also launched an economic boycott, citing that it supports terrorism. Since 1999, Sudan has been exporting oil and in most years since then has had a trade balance surplus. Rising oil prices have generated economic growth rates of more than 5% in 2004-05, and with the end of the peace abroad has shown increased interest in investing in the country. Agriculture, which employs approximately 80% of the population is still underdeveloped, hampered by uncertain rainfall and poor trading conditions on the world market.

Sudan's most important trading partner in 2005 was China, which reduced 71% of exports. Denmark's exports to Sudan totaled DKK 157 million. DKK in 2005; imports therefrom were DKK 1 million. Danish aid to Sudan totaled DKK 75 million. in 2004.

Sudan - Health conditions

Sudan - health conditions, the median age is 52-55 years for men and 54-57 years for women. Infant mortality is estimated at approximately 80 ‰, and the mortality rate below five years to 116 ‰. This is less than the average for sub-Saharan African countries, but the figures are uncertain.

The health conditions in Sudan are characterized by civil war, political and economic instability, floods and drought. Especially in the southern part of the country there is famine. Up to 50% of children in Sudan are malnourished and only about half are vaccinated against polio and measles. Information on disease pattern and causes of death is very limited; Infectious diseases, including pneumonia, tuberculosis, malaria and other tropical diseases, are widespread.

It's about. 10 doctors per 100,000 residents, but this average covers large regional differences.

 
 
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