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Education in Serbia

Serbian, Serbo-Croatian Srbija republic on the Balkans; 88,361 km2, 7.47 million. residents (2003). The capital is Belgrade. Serbia borders Montenegro as well as Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, Croatia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Macedonia and Albania. Until 2006, Serbia was part of the Union of Serbia and Montenegro, and before that of Yugoslavia. The republic includes in the north the former autonomous region, the plain Vojvodina (21,506 km2), which is an extension of the Hungarian Plain and popularly called the Serbian Chamber of Commerce. Until 2008, Kosovo was part of Serbia.

Education in Serbia

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Geography

The Danube crosses Serbia on its way to the Black Sea and receives tributaries from the great rivers Sava, Morava, Tisa and their tributaries. South of the Sava and Danube the terrain changes character to a hilly landscape and further south a mountainous landscape; here are The Kopaonik Mountains with Suvo Rudište (2017 m).

In the southeast there are spurs from Stara Planina, and the landscape reaches in Midžor up to 2168 masl In the southwest, Serbia reaches the Dinarids. The highest mountains are found on the border of Montenegro and Macedonia.

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Morava's distinctive north-west-southeast-going river valley divides the mountain landscape and forms an important traffic corridor, and along the Danube are the major industrial cities. approximately 40% of Serbia is grown, and slightly less than 1/3, forest cover.

Geography

Serbia and Montenegro

Serbia and Montenegro, Serbia in Crna Gora, 1992-2003 Yugoslavia, a state in the Balkans that emerged in 1992 from the "Rest of Yugoslavia", ie. the states of Serbia and Montenegro, which remained as the rest of the much larger Yugoslav People's Republic had gradually become four independent states (Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonia);). The state retained the name Yugoslavia until it was replaced in 2003 by the looser union of Serbia and Montenegro. After a referendum in Montenegro in May 2006 gave a majority for Montenegrin independence, the union between Serbia and Montenegro was dissolved.

Serbere

Serbs, South Slavic peoples; the largest (36%, approximately 8.5 million) in the former Yugoslavia, which was divided into five states in 1991-92. Orthodox Christianity has formed the cultural background of the Serbs at least since the 1200's, which has separated them from the linguistically very closely related Croats and Bosniaks.

The Serbs immigrated to the Balkans in the 600's. along with other Slavic tribes, possibly from present-day western Ukraine. See also Serbia (history).

Especially as a result of the Ottoman conquest of the Balkans, they were spread over a large area, and in 1991 they accounted for only 65.8% of the population of Serbia (including Vojvodina and Kosovo), but respectively. 31.4% and 12.2% of the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia. Since 1995, almost the entire Serbian population in Croatia has been displaced, and in 1999 the same thing happened in Kosovo, where until then they amounted to approximately 10%. In 1999, approximately 700,000 Serbs from other parts of the former Yugoslavia as refugees in Serbia itself, in Vojvodina and in Montenegro.

The Montenegrins, which in 1991 totaled 534,000, of which 380,500 in Montenegro, are considered by some to belong to the Serbian nation.

Serbia (Religion)

Especially for the religious part of the population, national and ethnic identity are linked to religious affiliation. The Serbian and Montenegrin population is affiliated with the Serbian Orthodox Church, the country's largest denomination. The church is autocephalous, ie. that it has its own head, and is headed by the Serbian Patriarchate and the Synod of Belgrade. In Vojvodina, Serbs, Romanians, etc. are Orthodox, but for example the Hungarian population is Roman Catholic or Reformed. The border regions between Serbia and Montenegro have a significant Slavic-speaking Muslim population. Protestant denominations and Judaism have very limited prevalence. In the 1990's, the conditions for free religious practice were improved in Yugoslavia, and the Orthodox Church in particular has benefited from this change.

Serbia (Church)

The Serbian Orthodox Church gained through the intervention of Archbishop Savas (Holy Sava) (1174-1237) independence from the Byzantine Reich Church in 1219, but lost its independence again after the Ottoman conquest of the entire Balkan Peninsula.

The recent history of the Church has unfolded in close connection with political developments. Along with the success of the Serbian freedom movement, the need arose for an independent (autocephalous) church, formed in 1879 with its center in Belgrade. In 1920, the Serbs gained ecclesiastical recognition of a collection of all the Serbian church provinces that were now within the borders of the Yugoslav kingdom, and the church leader was given the status of patriarch. The church includes (1999) approximately 8 mio. believers and also has founders for Serbs in USA, Australia, Romania and Western Europe. In the 1990's, under the leadership of Patriarch Pavles (1914-2009), the church sought to distance itself from President Milosevic's rule while defending Serbian national interests.

 
 
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