Rwanda - education
Rwanda Education, The first educational reforms after independence in 1962
aimed to break the Tutsis' priority by giving everyone access to education. The
next one from 1977 meant another step towards democratizing the education system
and placing greater emphasis on agriculture and the economy. However, the
six-year elementary school and the three-year superstructure, established in
1991, are followed by only a few. The country's only university was founded in
1963. Illiteracy is widespread.
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OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Rwanda
CAPITAL CITY: Kigali
POPULATION: 12,600,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)
AREA: 26,338 km²
OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: kinyarwanda, English
RELIGION: Catholics 65%, Protestants 20%, Muslims 1%, others (especially peoples'
CURRENCY: Rwanda franc
CURRENCY CODE: RWF
ENGLISH NAME: Rwanda
POPULATION COMPOSITION: hutu 80%, tutsi 19%, two 1%
GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 769 (2015)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 42 years, women 46 years (2007)
LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, HDI: 0506
LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, POSITION: 151
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .rw
Rwanda, since 1962, an independent republic in Central Africa, which forms
the northern part of the former Belgian mandate Ruanda-Urundi.
Rwanda - religion
Rwanda - religion, The majority of the population is Christian, 65%
are Catholics, and 20% are Protestants; 1% are Muslims. The Christian
churches play a major role in society, but also the traditional African religion
forms a natural part of the understanding of life. It includes the belief in a
creator god and in the ancestral spirits as well as a widespread practice of
Rwanda - Constitution
Rwanda Constitution, The Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda is from 2003.
The legislative power lies with a parliament with two chambers; the Chamber of
Deputies has 80 members, 53 of whom are elected by direct election, while 27
seats are allocated as follows: two youth representatives, one disabled
representative, and 24 women representatives, all elected by indirect
elections. They are elected for five years. The Senate has 26 members, 12 of
whom are elected by local councils in the 12 provinces, two by academic
institutions, while the remaining 12 are appointed partly by the president and
partly by the "Parties' Forum", which is a regulatory body. They are elected for
The executive has the president assisted by a ministerial council, which he
appoints. The president is elected by direct election for a seven-year term, and
he can only be re-elected once. The constitution also attaches great importance
to the fact that neither ethnic nor regional inequalities and contradictions
arise. The 2001 local elections took place on a partisan basis.
Rwanda - Health conditions
Rwanda - Health Conditions, The health conditions in Rwanda are characterized
by the consequences of the civil war. A large number of refugees live in
conditions that create serious health problems. The infant mortality rate is 120
per day. 1000 live births, which is twice the average for all developing
countries. More than 20% of all children die before the age of five. Mean life
is indicated by various sources for 39-49 years.
Malaria, respiratory tract
infections, tuberculosis, dysentery, typhoid, sleeping
sickness and meningitis are common diseases. WHO estimates that 7% of adults
are HIV- infected, which is half the incidence in neighboring Uganda. It's
about. 3.6 doctors per 100,000 residents; vaccination coverage is high
compared to other poorest countries.