OFFICIAL NAME: Dawlat Qatar
CAPITAL CITY: Doha
POPULATION: 2,100,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)
AREA: 11,437 km²
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): Arabic
RELIGION: Muslims (especially Sunni Muslims) 95%, other 5%
COIN: qatari riyal
CURRENCY CODE: QAR
ENGLISH NAME: Qatar
POPULATION COMPOSITION: Arabs 40%, Pakistanis 18%, Indians 18%, Iranians 10%, others 14%
GDP PER residents: $ 102,100 (2013)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 76 years, women 80 years (2014)
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, HDI: 0.851
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, POSITION: 31
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .qa
Qatar, independent emirate of the Persian Gulf. Like several other Gulf
states, the country has undergone rapid development from a poor Bedouin and
fishing community to a modern state with a well-developed infrastructure and a
well-educated population, due to a large oil production.
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Until 1995, Qatar was one of the more conservative and strictly Islamic
countries in the region; after a palace revolution, a more modern-minded emir
has accelerated modernization, and the country has strengthened its economic and
political importance in the Gulf.
Qatar - Constitution
Qatar is a hereditary monarchy within the al-Thani family, comprising
approximately 40% of the indigenous population and sits in senior positions. According
to the 1970 constitution, the executive power rests with a council of ministers
appointed by the head of state, the emir. There is no Legislative Assembly, but
there is an Advisory Assembly of 30 Members (1998), which is appointed by the
Emir and helps him draft laws.