Oman - education
The education system has been characterized by rapid growth and modernization
on a national and Muslim basis since the 1970's. This has led to a significant
shortage of teachers, which has resulted in the employment of teachers from
e.g. Egypt and Jordan.
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The primary school for 6-12-year-olds, which like the rest of the education
system is free and gender-segregated, is applied for by approximately 80%. This is
followed by a six-year secondary school, which is only completed by approximately 10%
(1994). Higher education can be acquired at Sultan Qabu University, founded in
1985, as well as at several other higher education institutions.
OFFICIAL NAME: Saltanat 'Uman
CAPITAL CITY: Muscat
POPULATION: 3,200,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)
AREA: 309,500 km²
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): Arabic, Urdu, Baluchi, Swahili, others
RELIGION: Muslims 88%, Hindus 7%, Christians 4%, others 1%
COIN: omani rial
CURRENCY CODE: OMR
ENGLISH NAME: Oman
POPULATION COMPOSITION: Omani Arabs 74%, Indians 13%, Bangladeshis 4%, Pakistanis 3%, Egyptians 2%,
GDP PER residents: $ 29800 (2013)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 73 years, women 77 years (2014)
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, HDI: 0.783
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, POSITION: 56
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .about
Oman, sultanate with autocratic rule in the Arabian Peninsula. Until 1970,
Oman was a highly isolated community with living conditions as they had been for
centuries: village and Bedouin communities with frequent civil wars and
widespread slavery. Having taken over power from his father, Sultan Qabus has
led a comprehensive and successful modernization, based on the country's oil
revenues and with extensive use of imported labor and technology.
Oman - Constitution
Oman is a hereditary autocratic monarchy. It was given a Basic Statute of the
State in 1996 by Royal Decree. A two-chamber parliament was set up and civil
rights were guaranteed to all citizens. The Sultan, who is nominally Minister of
State as well as Foreign, Defense and Finance, rules with the advice of a
Council of Ministers, which he himself appoints and presides over, but he may
prefer to appoint a Prime Minister.
A lower house, Majlis al-Shura, has 83 members elected by universal
suffrage for four years. It has limited rights to legislate and is largely an
advisory body only. The upper house, Majlis al-Dawlah, has 58 members
appointed by the sultan among prominent citizens. The members sit for four
years. The upper house has only advisory functions.
The two houses of Parliament are collectively referred to as The Council of