Africa - Asia - Europe - South America - North America - Central America

You are here: Home > Northern Macedonia

Education in Northern Macedonia

Macedonia - Education

The educational situation is characterized by national minorities, which are guaranteed by the Constitution to teach in their mother tongue. In addition to the Macedonian schools, there are Albanian- and Serbian-language schools.

Education in Northern Macedonia

  • TopSchoolsintheUSA: Do you plan to take the TOEFL exam in Macedonia? Visit the website to find TOEFL preparation and scoring information as well as iBT test dates and locations around this country.

The public school system is free and compulsory for 7-15 year olds. It includes voluntary children's institutions that are only applied for by a few, and an eight-year primary school. approximately 80% (1995) continue their education partly in four-year general theoretical, vocational and artistic educations, partly in shorter vocational educations.

There are two public universities in resp. Skopje and Bitola, where only Macedonian is taught. The Albanian minority established an Albanian-language university in Tetovo in 1994, but it has not been recognized by the authorities.

POPULATION

OFFICIAL NAME: Severna Makedonija

CAPITAL CITY: Skopje

POPULATION: 2,050,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)

AREA: 25,713 km²

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): Macedonian, Albanian, Turkish, Romani, others

RELIGION: Macedonian Orthodox 67%, Muslims 30%, others 3%

COIN: denar

CURRENCY CODE: MKD

ENGLISH NAME: North Macedonia, Republic of North Macedonia

INDEPENDENCE: 1991

POPULATION COMPOSITION: Macedonians 67%, Albanians 23%, Turks 4%, Gypsies 2%, Serbs 2%, others 2%

GDP PER residents: 1889 $ (2007)

LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 71 years, women 76 years (2007)

INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, HDI: 0.796

INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, POSITION: 66

INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .mk

Macedonia, Republic of the Balkans, established in 1992 after the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and recognized by the United Nations in 1993 under the name Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), a term dictated by neighboring Greece. The poor, mountainous inland state also shares borders with Albania, Kosovo, Serbia and Bulgaria. The population is extremely composed of Macedonian majority and a large Albanian minority. In addition to other minorities, there are e.g. refugees from the former Serbian province of Kosovo. Traffic between Central Europe and the Aegean Sea has passed through the area for centuries.

Macedonia - Mass media

The media in Macedonia is relatively free and there is no state censorship, but state influence still characterizes the newspaper market. The Republic's largest and most influential daily newspaper is Dnevnik, grdl 1996 as an independent newspaper, circulation approximately 50,000 (2005), while Macedonia's oldest newspaper, the state-subsidized Nova Makedonija, is only published in a very small circulation.

In the field of radio and television, developments since 1991 have been marked by a number of initiatives. The state-run Makedonska Radio-Televizija (MRT) has three radio and three television channels as well as satellite channels. In addition, there are several private stations, of which the main TV station is A1.

Macedonia - literature

A Macedonian national literature first appeared during World War II, but all the way back in the 800's. St. Clement (d. 916) founded a religious and literary tradition in Ohrid that can be seen as the starting point for both Bulgarian and Macedonian literature. During the 500-year-long Turkish occupation of the Balkans, cultural activity was largely ruled out, and only during the Romantic period were individual attempts at a national and cultural Macedonian rebirth seen, which were naturally based on folk poetry. Thus, in 1861, the brothers Konstantin (1830-62) and Dimitar Miladinov (1810-62) published in Zagreb a collection of folk songs from Macedonia. In interwar Yugoslavia, Macedonia was completely dominated by Serbia, and Macedonian language and literature had no means of subsistence.

Kočo Racin's party poem from 1939 became the beginning of modern Macedonian literature. In 1944, a standard Macedonian language was codified, primarily thanks to the linguist and poet Blaže Koneski. The first years were dominated by poetry. Slavko Janevski's Village Behind the Seven Ashes (1952) is considered the first Macedonian novel. Later in the 1950's, the drama also came into being. With the opening to the West, Macedonian literature also received important impulses, so that virtually all the genres we know in the West are represented. In Danish there are Macedonian folk songs (1983), The petrified Orpheus : three Macedonian poets (1985).

Macedonia - music

In the Middle Ages, music life was dominated by Byzantine church singing, from around 900 with center in Ohrid. Ottoman invasion of the Balkans in the late 1300's. paralyzed Macedonian culture until around 1900, when a new development began with the emphasis on choral music, after 1945 also with other forms of composition of European accent. Skopje got an opera stage in 1947 and a philharmonic orchestra in 1949. Folk music is richly composed; ancient village traditions still thrive with ritual songs and chain dances. The predominantly lyrical songs are performed solo or polyphonic. Characteristic of dance music are irregularly composed rhythms, eg 5/8, 7/8 and 9/8. In the cities arose under Turkish influence in the 1700's. a special style with oriental instruments and ensembles.

 
 
Afghanistan Albania
Angola Argentina
Armenia Australia
Austria Azerbaijan
Bahrain Bangladesh
Belgium Belarus
Benin Bhutan
Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana Brazil
Bulgaria Burkina Faso
Burma Burundi
Cambodia Cameroon
Canada Cape Verde
Central African Republic Chad
Chile China
Colombia Costa Rica
Croatia Cuba
Cyprus Czech Republic
Democratic Republic of Congo Denmark
Dominican Republic Ecuador
Egypt Estonia
Ethiopia Faroe Islands
Finland France
Gabon Georgia
Germany Ghana
Greece Greenland
Guatemala Guinea
Guinea-Bissau Guyana
Haiti Honduras
Hong Kong Hungary
Iceland India
Indonesia Iran
Iraq Ireland
Israel Italy
Jamaica Japan
Jordan Kazakhstan
Kenya Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan Laos
Latvia Lebanon
Liberia Libya
Lithuania Luxembourg
Madagascar Malawi
Malaysia Mali
Malta Mauritania
Mexico Moldova
Mongolia Morocco
Mozambique Namibia
Nepal Netherlands
New Zealand Nicaragua
Niger Nigeria
North Korea Northern Macedonia
Norway Oman
Pakistan Panama
Papua New Guinea Paraguay
Peru Philippines
Poland Portugal
Qatar Republic of Congo
Romania Russia
Rwanda Saudi Arabia
Senegal Serbia
Sierra Leone Singapore
Slovakia Slovenia
Solomon Islands Somalia
South Africa South Korea
South Sudan Spain
Sri Lanka Sudan
Suriname Swaziland
Sweden Switzerland
Syria Taiwan
Tajikistan Tanzania
Thailand Togo
Tunisia Turkey
Turkmenistan Uganda
Ukraine United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom USA
Uruguay Uzbekistan
Vatican City Venezuela
Vietnam Yemen
Zambia Zimbabwe

AL AK AZ AR CA
CO CT DE FL GA
HI ID IL IN IA
KS KY LA ME MD
MA MI MN MS MO
MT NE NV NH NJ
NM NY NC ND OH
OK OR PA RI SC
SD TN TX UT VT
VA WA WV WI WY

Copyright 2020 Search for Public Schools | Home