North Korea - education
The education system is compulsory and free for 5-16 year olds. Compulsory
schooling includes the last year of pre-school, a six-year primary school and
four years of the six-year superstructure. Teaching follows key curricula, and
English is compulsory from 8th grade.
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OFFICIAL NAME: Choson Minjujuui Inmin Konghwaguk
CAPITAL CITY: Pyongyang
POPULATION: 24,000,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)
AREA: 122,762 km²
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): Korean
RELIGION: natives' religions 16%, syncretistic 14%, Buddhists 2%, Christians 1%, no
el. unknown 67%
CURRENCY CODE: KPW
ENGLISH NAME: Democratic People's Republic of Korea
POPULATION COMPOSITION: Koreans 99%, Chinese and Japanese 1%
GDP PER residents: $ 621 (2013)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 61 years, women 67 years (2007)
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, HDI: 0.540
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, POSITION: 174
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .kp
North Korea, a republic in the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. The
country emerged from the ceasefire in 1953 after the Korean War and was then
bombed by three years of US airstrikes. The reconstruction took place with
Soviet and Chinese aid and in a highly centralized planned economy system,
characterized by strict discipline and extensive personal control. Since then,
partly due to self-chosen isolation and partly due to the upheavals in the
socialist countries, it has become more and more isolated and stands as a poor,
bone-hard military dictatorship with very few contacts with the outside
world. Credible information about society and the economy is very sparse, and
the following articles are based on limited and partly uncertain material.
North Korea - Constitution
The Constitution of the People's Republic is from 1972 with amendments from
1992 (after which, among other things, mention of Marxism-Leninism was deleted),
1998 and 2009, while the Communist Party, the Korean Labor Party,
retained its monopoly position. The real center of power is the party's
Legislative power is formally vested in the Supreme People's Assembly,
which has 687 members elected by universal suffrage for five years. The People's
Assembly usually meets a few times a year; between meetings, the tasks of the
Assembly are performed by a standing committee.
The 1998 Constitution appointed Kim Il-Sung, who died in 1994, the President
of the Republic forever.
North Korea - social conditions
The family is a model for North Korean society, so that the leader is
described and perceived as a father, while the citizens are considered members
of an extended family. This patriarchal social organization is also hierarchical
with precisely stated roles for the individual actor. Society is fine-tuned, and
the state's control function reaches all the way down to the individual family.
The positive side of this patronage model of society has been that the
system, unlike a large number of developing countries, has managed to cover the
entire population's basic needs for food, clothing, housing, health and
education until an economic collapse occurred in the mid-1990's.
These welfare benefits have in principle been available to all, but with the
one-party state as mediator, the welfare system has also contributed to those in
power being able to maintain their legitimacy and thus their positions of
power. Current market economic measures in North Korea undermine this pattern,
which is why socio-political changes and reforms can be expected in the coming
North Korea (Health Conditions)
The outside world does not have access to statistical health information for
North Korea, but in 1997 the Ministry of Health gave the Red Cross the following
official picture of the country's health conditions:
The average life expectancy is 70.3 years, and the infant mortality rate is
25.9 per year. 1000 live births. Confirmed by foreign experts, in addition to
civilization diseases (cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes and arthritis),
developing diseases in the form of diarrhea, respiratory infections, intestinal
parasitic diseases, tuberculosis and in the late 1990's due to malnutrition due
to malnutrition. In contrast, no cases of AIDS or other STDs are reported.
The health care system is built according to the Soviet model with an
emphasis on epidemic control. Most doctors are specialists, also at the village
level. approximately 3 doctors and approximately 1 nurse per. 1000 residents All treatment
is free and there are no private doctors or hospitals. There are 8177 hospitals,
of which approximately 1/3 are small devices with 6-12 beds.
The country's isolation from the rest of the world has meant that medical
treatment has not been updated. No health care reforms are planned, with North
Korea's health authorities finding the country to have one of the world's best
health systems. The economic crisis of the 1990's has led to a sharp reduction in
the supply of Western medicines and modern equipment, which is almost
exclusively obtained through aid organizations. Birth control pills and other
contraceptives are not allowed. Traditional medicine in the form of herbal
medicine, acupuncture and moxibustion make up the treatment for approximately half of
North Korea - mass media
The media is part of the state administration, and all news dissemination
takes place from the official news agency, KCNA (Korean Central News Agency),
founded in 1946. The largest of the country's few dailies is the Communist
Party's Rodong Sinmun (Arbejdets Avis, founded 1946, circulation approximately 1.5
The state radio service, Korean Central Broadcasting Station, broadcasts
locally, nationally and internationally. In addition to the state television,
Korean Central TV, there is the cultural channel Mansudae.
Both radio and television receivers are designed to receive only the national