Madagascar - Education
The public school system comprises a five-year primary school, followed by a
four-year and a three-year course. Many do not complete the compulsory schooling
for 6-14 year olds. In addition to the public school system, there are private
schools, which include approximately 17% of students. Higher education takes place
partly at the country's six universities, partly at other higher education
institutions. The illiteracy of the adult population is estimated to be
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OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Madagascar
CAPITAL CITY: Antananarivo
POPULATION: 23,200,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)
AREA: 587,000 km²
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): French, Malagasy
RELIGION: natives' religions 52%, Catholics 21%, Protestants 20%, Muslims 7%
CURRENCY CODE: MGF
ENGLISH NAME: Madagascar
POPULATION COMPOSITION: Madagascans 99% (divided into merina 27%, betsimisaraka 15%, betsileo 12% and
15 smaller groups), others 1%
GDP PER residents: $ 475 (2014)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 63.7 years, women 66.7 years (2014)
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, HDI: 0.498
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, POSITION: 155
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .mg
Madagascar is an independent republic and the world's fourth largest
island. Madagascar has a distinctive nature with many endemic plant and animal
species. The population is very complex and includes Indonesian, Malay, African,
Arabic and European elements. The country was a French colony from 1896 to 1960,
and French language and culture continue to be widespread. Now it is one of the
poorest countries in the world.
Madagascar - Constitution
The Federal Republic of Madagascar is from 1992 with extensive amendments
from 1998. The Republic consists of six autonomous provinces (faritany), each of
which has a provincial council with legislative power. They are elected by
direct election for five years.
Republic legislative power rests with a bicameral parliament: A National
Assembly with 160 members elected by universal suffrage for four-year periods,
and a Senate with 100 members, of which 2/3 elected by
the provincial assemblies, and 1/3 appointed by the
President. They are elected for four years.
The executive power lies with the president, who is elected by direct
election for five years and can be re-elected for a further two terms. The
President appoints the Prime Minister and, on his recommendation, the other
members of the Government.
Madagascar - Music
The traditional music influenced by the 16-21-stranded tubular zither, valiha used
for religious ceremonies, and the whistle sodina. Modern music, watcha
watcha and salegy, is based partly on local music, partly on
western and pan-African popular music, and the valiha is part of both acoustic
and electric ensembles. In the 1990's, the Tarika group in particular has
attracted attention in the West.