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Education in Kenya

Kenya - education

Kenya education Since the country became independent, several reforms have been implemented in the original English language education system. Common themes have been schooling for all as well as updating the content of the teaching. Despite strong growth in the education sector, it has failed to keep pace with population growth, and approximately 15% of people over the age of 15 are illiterate (2003).

Education in Kenya

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The education system, which is public, includes a preschool for 3-6 year olds. Then comes an eight-year elementary school, which since 1985 is free and is sought by 90% (2004), but only approximately 2/3 implements process. Secondary education is offered as a four-year course and is sought by approximately 25% of a vintage.

Kenya's complex ethnic-linguistic situation is evident, among other things. knows that the local language is used as a language of instruction in preschool and first three years of primary school; then English and Swahili are used.

The country has five universities and ten other colleges (1996).

OFFICIAL NAME: Jamhuri ya Kenya

CAPITAL CITY: Nairobi

POPULATION: 45,900,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)

AREA: 582,600 km²

OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: English, Swahili, total approximately 60 languages, including Bantu languages ​​and Nilotic languages

RELIGION: Protestants 38%, Catholics 28%, natives religions 26%, Muslims 7%, others 1%

CURRENCY: kenya shilling

CURRENCY CODE: KES

ENGLISH NAME: kenya

INDEPENDENCE: 1963

POPULATION COMPOSITION: kikuyu 22%, luhya 14%, luo 13%, kalenjin 12%, kamba 11%, kisii 6%, meru 6%, other 16%

GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 1588 (2015)

LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 49 years, women 48 years (2007)

LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, HDI: 0535

LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, POSITION: 147

INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .ke

POPULATION

Kenya, Republic of East Africa; formerly part of British East Africa, independent in 1963. Kenya has very varied landscapes and rich wildlife, including in easily accessible nature parks; coupled with fairly stable political conditions, this has meant that the country is one of Africa's leading tourist countries. It remains a typical development, characterized by large population growth and poverty. Kenya has been one of the main beneficiaries of Danish development assistance for a number of years.

Kenya - Constitution

Kenya Constitution, Kenya Constitution is from the 1963 independence year with several changes; Among other things, in 2001. The Republic was introduced in 1964. The one-chamber parliament, the National Assembly, has 224 members, 210 of whom are elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term, while twelve members are nominated by the parties in terms of their mandates and nominated by the president; In addition, Parliament's speaker and Kenya's Attorney General are members.

The executive has the president elected by direct election for five years. In December 1991, opposition parties were legalized. In 1992, a constitutional amendment was passed, which requires a presidential candidate to be elected, both nationwide, and at least 25% of the vote in five of the seven provinces. The president appoints a vice president and ministers and heads the government; he can dissolve the National Assembly at any time, but new elections must be held within 90 days.

Kenya - economy

Kenya - economy, Kenya is classified by the World Bankas a seriously indebted low-income country. The country has received considerable sums in development aid, but has traditionally been in deficit on the balance of payments and has therefore built up a substantial foreign debt corresponding to more than 200% of annual export revenues in 2005. Since the mid-1980's, the government has pursued a number of efforts to increase productivity in agriculture and industrialize the country, with a view to strengthening the export sector. Furthermore, economic efficiency has been promoted by a greater role for the private sector in the social economy; imports and price formation have been liberalized and infrastructure has been expanded. Fiscal policy has been tightened considerably, but throughout most of the 1990's Kenya has had a relatively large government budget deficit.

Economic stagnation in the early 1990's as a result of, among other things, poor harvests and a temporary freeze on foreign aid were replaced by a short-term growth boom in the mid-1990's. Again in the period 1997-2002, economic growth was less than the population growth as a result of, among other things. corruption, drought and declining tourist revenue in connection with bomb attacks in 1998 and 2002. However, from 2003, tourists returned, and after KANU lost the election in 2002 and thus 39 years of power monopoly, the new government launched an anti-corruption program. Although far from being effective, foreign aid, including from the IMF, resumed, and despite continued periods of drought, GDP grew by approximately 4% in 2004 and 2005. Difficult access to rich countries' agricultural commodity markets due to declining prices still represents a development barrier for post-colonial economies such as Kenya, and more than half of the population now lives below the poverty line. Kenya has a large trade deficit.

The main trading partners are on the export side Uganda, the United Kingdom and the United States and on the import side the United Arab Emirates (the country's main supplier of oil), the United States and Saudi Arabia. The country participates in COMESA (Common Market for East and South Africa) with a view to expanding regional cooperation; Nairobi is East Africa's economic and financial center. Denmark's exports to Kenya in 2005 were DKK 118 million. Imports therefrom amounted to DKK 20 million. Danish assistance to Kenya amounted to DKK 120 million. in 2005.

Kenya - judicial system

Kenya - legal system, The legal system still bears the mark of the state's past as an English colony. According to Kenyan law, the Judicature Act, substantive common law as well as parts of English law and equity doctrine have been made constituent of Kenyan law, just as the Kenyan courts attach great importance to case law; previous court decisions, so-called precedent. The Kenyan Purchase Act, Sale of Goods Act, is almost identical to the corresponding English. The continued influence of English law is also facilitated by the fact that all Kenyan legislation and printed Kenyan judgments are written in English. However, since the independence of the state, the English common law has been modified in certain circumstances to serve the particular Kenyan needs and, for example, family law matters are to a certain extent subject to African customary, Muslim law, etc.

Kenya - mass media

Kenya - mass media, Kenya has a long tradition of a fairly independent press. The print media plays an active and critical role and Kenya has a rich debate environment.

Despite the tradition of freedom, the media has during periods both under President Kenyatta and President Moiworked on degrees of self-censorship. Before the election and the change of government in 2002, however, the new government had promised further freedom of the press. Therefore, it is a negative surprise that there have been several instances since the government has inconvenienced independent media. In 2003, a court criticized the Minister of Information for Harassment against a popular private radio station "Kiss, FM," and in 2006, police invaded the Standard Media Group's premises after the newspaper brought articles about secret meetings between the president and the opposition. Newspapers were burned and the printing press damaged. The argument was for the sake of state security, but the event shocked both at home and abroad. The newspaper market is dominated by the Nation Group, which publishes the Daily Nation and is controlled by the Aga Khan Group, as well as the Standard Group owned by the Lonrho Group, and publisher Standard. Many specialized weekly and monthly magazines characterize the debate. Newspapers and magazines are published in both English and Kiswahili.

Radio is the dominant medium outside the cities and Kenya Broadcasting Corporation, KBC, broadcasts radio in up to 17 different languages. With the liberalization of television and radio legislation, many private radio and television stations have emerged, eventually also with significant coverage outside Nairobi and the other major cities. Standard and Nation also operates television stations and radio.

Only a few Kenyans have their own internet connection, but Internet cafes in the cities are widely used and visited.

Kenya - literature

Kenya - Literature, In the 1700's and 1800's. the city states of Pate and Lamu and later Mombasa on the Indian Ocean coast were the center of an Arab-settled and Muslim-embedded epic poetry in Swahili. These areas are now part of Kenya, but the modernization of Swahili language and literature developed in present-day Tanzania, aided by the philological and literary initiatives of the German colonizers. There is very little continuity between the Swahili narrative and the literary genres of modern Kenya. Swahili as written language is found today as fiction literary prose and as journalism, but most of modern Kenya's literature is written in English.

Ngugi wa Thiong'o is the dominant figure in Kenya's literature. In his life and work, central dilemmas for African writers are summarized. He wrote his first novels in the 1960's in English, later in his mother tongue kikuyu. The early novels are characterized by Western forms and ethical issues, the latter moving formally towards the allegory and thematically towards politics. Meja Mwangi's early realistic urban novels are of the same high quality, while his later, less elaborate tales have reached a larger readership. Widespread, commercially viable genres are horror novels (e.g. Charles Mangua: Son of Woman, 1971), thrillers (e.g. Sam Kahiga: Flight to Juba, 1979), tales and recollections of the bloody Mau Mau uprising of the 1950's (e.g., Godwin Wachira: Ordeal in the Forest, 1968) and fictional memories of converted criminals depicting their sinful life with fire, their repentance and penance needy (e.g. John Kiriamiti: My Life in Crime, 1984). Poetry in Kenya is influenced by Ugandan poet and academic Okot p'Bitek, who wrote and taught in Kenya in the 1970's. His satirical monologues Song of Lawino (1966, when Lawino's song, 1970) and Song of Ocol (1970) have been followed by the female poet Muthoni Likimanis (b. 1926) What Does a Man Want?(1974) and David Maillus (b. 1939) easy-to-follow poetry narratives After 4.30 (1970) and The Kommon Man (1974).

Fiction is characterized by the existing publishers' demands for particular styles and formats, such as Heinemann's lithe African Writers Series and the more popular Spear Books; in addition to the need for texts for school use. Grace Ogots (1930-2015) historical novel about the Luo people, The Promised Land (1966), is read by most school students in Kenya. Direct censorship and self-censorship have left its mark on the literature. Several writers have been imprisoned for their activities, such as Ngugi in the late 1970's and Wahome Mutahi (1954-2003) ten years later. With some political liberalization following the 1992 elections, the barriers to a thriving literary and theater life have been social and economic rather than political.

Kenya Theater

Kenya Theater, Both during and after the colonial era, the British worldview was supported through Western and escapist theater at the Little Theater and the National Theater in Nairobi. With the political opposition of the 1970's followed a socially debating drama by Kenneth Watene and Francis Imbuga (b. 1947). As long as the staging was in English, there was no intervention in the form of censorship. But when Ngugi wa Thiong'o and Ngugi wa Mirii (b. 1951) together with the locals, the cultural center Kamiriithu created and created the play Ngaahika Ndeenda (I Marry When I Want, 1977) and Maitu Njugira(Sing To Me, Mom, 1982) on kikuyu and with a popular aesthetic, the government banned the activities. Through symbolic forms of expression in song and dance and through the proverbial concentration of oral literature, the theater criticized the neo-colonial elite, which has since directed the censorship of all socially engaged theater. The 1980's and 1990's groups have used tours and festivals to try to survive.

Kenya - sport

Kenya - sports Although soccer is the most popular sport in Kenya, it is the Kenyan medium and long distance runners that have attracted the attention of world sports since the 1960's. The breakthrough came at the 1968 Olympics. the 1500m winner, Kipchoge Keino, ushered in the dominance of the African runners in subsequent decades. Since then, the country has produced an increasing number of top runners; especially in the 3000 m obstacle course the Kenyan runners have made their mark.

Noteworthy is the mission school St. Patrick's High School, which is called the cradle of the Kenyan running school. From the establishment of the school in 1960, the Irish inspector placed crucial emphasis on school athletics and associated sports teachers with great training insight. The Danish runner Wilson Kipketer originally came from this school.

Most of the star runners come from the high-lying central areas around the Rift Valley; it has been debated whether height plays a role in training results.

 
 
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