Haiti - education
Elementary school, where students begin as six-year-olds, enrolls approximately 60%
of each cohort, with Haiti having the lowest school attendance in the Caribbean
(1990). The drop-out rate is high, and illiteracy is widespread. The six-year
compulsory schooling was extended to nine years in 1990. approximately 3/4 of
primary schools are private and especially driven by religious institutions.
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The secondary education is seven years and takes place predominantly in
private schools in urban areas. Here, almost 15% of each year group continues,
but only about half of these reach the final exam, baccalauréat.
In recent years, great efforts have been made to increase the level of
education of children and young people.
At the higher level, a number of shorter courses are offered, all
in Port-au-Prince. In addition to Haiti State University, which oversees both
private and public higher education institutions, there are two smaller
universities in Quisqueja and in Roi Christophe.
OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Haiti
CAPITAL CITY: Port-au-Prince
POPULATION: 10,413,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)
AREA: 27,750 km²
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (S): French, French-Creole
RELIGION: Catholics 80%, Protestants 16% (Baptists 10%, Pentecostals 4%, Adventists 1%,
other Protestants 1%), others 4%
CURRENCY CODE: HTG
ENGLISH NAME: Haiti
POPULATION COMPOSITION: black 95%, others (almost all mulattoes) 5%
GDP PER residents: 758 USD (2012)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 52 years, women 53 years (2007)
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, HDI: 0.456
INDEX OF LIVING CONDITIONS, POSITION: 161
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .ht
Haiti, Republic of the Caribbean; constitutes the western third of the
island of Hispaniola. The country has been independent since 1804, when the
African people seceded the area from France. Since then, Haiti has continually
experienced political power struggles that have hampered economic development
and integration into the world community. In addition, the country is plagued by
earthquakes and hurricanes. It is one of the poorest countries in the world.
Haiti - Constitution
The Republic's constitution is from 1987. The legislative power lies with a
bicameral parliament: the Chamber of Deputies with 83 members and the Senate
with 27 members, all elected for four years by ordinary, direct election. The
president has the executive power. He is elected by direct election for a
five-year term and cannot be re-elected immediately. The president appoints a
prime minister from the party that has a majority in parliament. The Prime
Minister composes the government in consultation with the President.
Haiti - health conditions
The recurring political crises have had a negative impact on the health of
the population. Life expectancy for men is 56 years, for women 59 years
(2008). Maternal mortality is 1%, which is ten times higher than for the
Caribbean countries as a whole. There is an increasing incidence
of AIDS, tuberculosis and malnutrition, but only incomplete information is
available on the situation in recent years. Haiti was one of the first countries
to identify AIDS. AIDS is the most common cause of death among sexually active
adults and is increasingly a disease that occurs among children. Up to 10% of
the urban population and 5% in rural areas are HIV-infected. 4967 cases of AIDS
were reported to the WHO until 1992. No further notifications have taken place
since then, and the actual figure must be considered significantly
higher. Malaria, filariasis and bilharziosis occur with decreasing frequency.