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Georgia Clarke County Public Schools

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County Profile

Unified: January 14, 1991

Population: 101,489

Total Area: 125 Square miles

Cities and Towns

• Athens-Clarke County

• Winterville

The city of Athens began as a tiny settlement and trading post that emerged at Cedar Shoals, where an ancient Cherokee trail crossed the Oconee River. On January 27, 1785, the Georgia General Assembly created the University of Georgia as the first chartered state-supported university in the United States. It was not until the summer of 1801, though, that five men traveled to the area to look for an appropriate site for the University. One member of the delegation, John Milledge, purchased 633 acres on the hill above Cedar Shoals and donated it to the University. He renamed the area Athens in honor of the Classical Greek center of culture. Later that year, the General Assembly carved Clarke County out of Jackson County on December 5, 1801 and named it after Revolutionary War hero Elijah Clarke.

To raise money to pay for construction of buildings for the school, lots were sold adjacent to campus. The University's first class of 10 graduated in 1804, and on December 6, 1806, the city of Athens was officially incorporated. As fine federal homes began to appear around the new campus, the role of Athens as the intellectual center of Georgia became increasingly evident: the cultured social life surrounding the college attracted prominent families of wealth and national stature. Industry developed rapidly; Athens' economy during the first half of the nineteenth century was based primarily upon cotton, brick works, textile mills, and railroad transportation. By the 1840s, when rail lines connected Athens with the rest of the region, big industry had made Athens famous as the "Manchester of the South."

Two skirmishes took place in Clarke County during the Civil War in 1864. An occupation garrison arrived in Athens on May 29 and informal federal occupation continued until early 1866. Athens was spared the fate of many of Georgia's cities, however, remaining virtually intact after hostilities had ended.

A curious by-product of the war years was the local production of a double-barreled cannon - the only one of its kind in the world. The concept was to load the cannon with two balls connected by a chain several feet in length, but a test firing proved it to be uncontrollable. The cannon was never used, but presented to the city and sits to this day on the City Hall grounds.

In the post-Civil War era, Athens became known as a center of undergraduate education for freed slaves, as three different schools offered African-Americans primary, intermediate, industrial, and nurses' training. Three black newspapers thrived in Athens when it was rare for a southern town to have even one. In the early 1900s, the corner of Washington and Lumpkin Streets downtown became known as the "Hot Corner" for the black community. The Morton Building, as well as the Samaritan Building and Union Hall, housed black lawyers, dentists, doctors and other professionals. The two-story opera house in the Morton Building hosted the likes of Louis Armstrong, Cab Calloway and Duke Ellington.

In 1867, visiting naturalist John Muir described Athens as "a remarkably beautiful and aristocratic town," where "marks of culture and refinement" were everywhere apparent. The seat of Clarke County moved to Athens on November 24, 1871 from Watkinsville.

In 1908, the Southern Mutual Insurance Company completed a seven-story skyscraper that was the largest ferro concrete building in the South. From 1923-1950, Athens was the second largest cotton manufacturer in the state. Five rail lines came into town, and Athens became an important center for wholesale grocers.

During World War II, Athens was named as one of only five naval preflight schools in the nation when the Navy Supply Corps School was established and still sits as a navy base. Desegregation marked 1961 as Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes became UGA's first two African-American students.

Beginning in the late 1970s, the Athens music scene began to gather momentum and international recognition, eventually earning the city worldwide recognition as a hotbed for music. Bands such as R.E.M. and the B-52's became wildly popular throughout the 1980s, while scores of bands continue honing their skills in Athens’ myriad clubs to this day. In 1998, the Athens band Widespread Panic hosted a free CD release party in downtown Athens which drew 70-100,000 people.

On August 7, 1990, a citizens' referendum approved the consolidation of the governments of Athens and Clarke County after three previous rejections in 1969, 1972 and 1981. The vote created Georgia's second such consolidated government and the twenty-eighth of its kind in the country. An elected Mayor (current Mayor Heidi Davison) and ten commissioners, along with an appointed manager, head the Athens-Clarke County Unified Government.

Clarke County is one of 159 counties in Georgia. It has 120.8 sq. miles in land area and a population density of 963.1 per square mile. In the last three decades of the 1900s its population grew by 55.7%. On the 2000 census form, 98.6% of the population reported only one race, with 27.3% of these reporting African-American. The population of this county is 6.3% Hispanic (of any race). The average household size is 2.35 persons compared to an average family size of 2.95 persons.

In 2008 health care and social assistance was the largest of 20 major sectors. It had an average wage per job of $45,028. Per capita income declined by 5.3% between 1998 and 2008 (adjusted for inflation).

 

People & Income Overview
(By Place of Residence)
Value Industry Overview (2008)
(By Place of Work)
Value
Population (2009) 116,342 Covered Employment 67,684
   Growth (%) since 1990 32.8%    Average wage per job $36,626
Households (2000) 39,706 Manufacturing - % all jobs in County 11.6%
Labor Force (persons) (2009) 64,000    Average wage per job $48,732
Unemployment Rate (2009) 7.3 Transportation & Warehousing - % all jobs in County 0.5%
Per Capita Personal Income (2008) $25,632    Average wage per job $53,900
Median Household Income (2008) $36,254 Health Care, Social Assist. - % all jobs in County 13.9%
Poverty Rate (2008) 30.8    Average wage per job $45,028
H.S. Diploma or More - % of Adults 25+ (2000) 81.0 Finance and Insurance - % all jobs in County 2.1%
Bachelor's Deg. or More - % of Adults 25+ (2000) 39.8    Average wage per job $61,432

 

 

1. ALPS ROAD ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
Address: 200 Alps Rd, Athens, GA 30606
Phone: (706) 548-2261
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 557
Grades: PK-5

2. BARNETT SHOALS ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
Address: 3220 Barnett Shoals Rd, Athens, GA 30605
Phone: (706) 357-5334
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 545
Grades: PK-5

3. BARROW ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
Address: 100 Pinecrest Dr, Athens, GA 30605
Phone: (706) 543-2676
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 411
Grades: PK-5

4. BURNEY-HARRIS-LYONS MIDDLE SCHOOL
Address: 1600 Tallassee Rd, Athens, GA 30606
Phone: (706) 548-7208
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 618
Grades: 6-8

5. CEDAR SHOALS HIGH SCHOOL
Address: 1300 Cedar Shoals Dr, Athens, GA 30605
Phone: (706) 546-5375
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 1,567
Grades: 9-12

6. CHASE STREET ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
Address: 757 N Chase St, Athens, GA 30601
Phone: (706) 543-1081
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 367
Grades: PK-5

7. CLARKE CENTRAL HIGH SCHOOL
Address: 350 S Milledge Ave, Athens, GA 30605
Phone: (706) 357-5200
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 1,495
Grades: 9-12

8. CLARKE MIDDLE SCHOOL
Address: 1235 Baxter St, Athens, GA 30606
Phone: (706) 543-6547
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 603
Grades: 6-8

9. CLASSIC CITY PERFORMANCE LEARNING CENTER
Address: 280 Mitchell Bridge Rd, Athens, GA 30606
Phone: (706) 353-2323
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 92
Grades: 9-12

10. CLEVELAND ROAD ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
Address: 1700 Cleveland Rd, Bogart, GA 30622
Phone: (770) 725-1664
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 389
Grades: PK-5

11. COILE MIDDLE SCHOOL
Address: 110 Old Elberton Rd, Athens, GA 30601
Phone: (706) 357-5318
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 575
Grades: 6-8

12. FOWLER DRIVE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
Address: 400 Fowler Dr, Athens, GA 30601
Phone: (706) 357-5330
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 507
Grades: PK-5

13. GAINES ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
Address: 280 Gaines School Rd, Athens, GA 30605
Phone: (706) 257-5338
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 673
Grades: PK-5

14. HILSMAN MIDDLE SCHOOL
Address: 870 Gaines School Rd, Athens, GA 30605
Phone: (706) 548-7281
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 677
Grades: 6-8

15. HOWARD B. STROUD ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
Address: 715 Fourth St, Athens, GA 30601
Phone: (706) 369-1893
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 379 PK-5

16. OGLETHORPE AVENUE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
Address: 1150 Oglethorpe Ave, Athens, GA 30606
Phone: (706) 549-0762
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 580
Grades: PK-5

17. RUTLAND PSYCHOEDUCATIONAL PROGRAM
Address: Oglethorpe Avenue, Athens, GA 30606
Phone: (706) 649-3030
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: N/A
Grades: 0

18. S.O.A.R. ACADEMY
Address: 440 Dearing Extension, Athens, GA 30606
Phone: (706) 543-8865
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: N/A
Grades: 0

19. TIMOTHY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
Address: 1900 Timothy Rd, Athens, GA 30606
Phone: (706) 549-0107
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 523
Grades: PK-5

20. WHIT DAVIS ROAD ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
Address: 1450 Whit Davis Rd, Athens, GA 30605
Phone: (706) 369-1036
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 684
Grades: PK-5

21. WHITEHEAD ROAD ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
Address: 500 Whitehead Rd, Athens, GA 30606
Phone: (706) 548-7296
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 538
Grades: PK-5

22. WINTERVILLE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
Address: 305 Cherokee Rd, Winterville, GA 30683
Phone: (706) 742-8278
County: Clarke County
Enrollment: 482
Grades: PK-5


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