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Education in Ethiopia

Ethiopia - education

Ethiopia - education, During the period 1974-91, when the educational system was strongly characterized by Marxist-Leninist ideology, a great dependence was created on foreign aid. Since 1991, the education system has developed in a more liberal direction, but finding new sources of funding has been difficult. By 1990, over a third of the adult population was illiterate.

Education in Ethiopia

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There is no compulsory school and education, but education is free. The education system is built with a 6-year primary school for 7-12 year olds; it is completed by 22% of a year (1992) and the language of instruction is Amharic. Then follows a 2-year continuation, sought by 11% of a vintage (1992). Here the teaching takes place as far as possible in English. The general education can be completed with a 4-year senior secondary school. Higher education is offered at three universities and nine other higher education institutions and is sought by 0.6% of a year (1991).

POPULATION

OFFICIAL NAME: Ityopiya

CAPITAL CITY: Addis Ababa

POPULATION: 99,500,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)

AREA: 1,160,000 km²

OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: Amharic, tigrinnya, oromo, somali, total approximately 70 languages

RELIGION: Coptic Christians 43%, Muslims 36%, Protestants 14%, Native Religions 6%, Catholics 1%

CURRENCY: birr

CURRENCY CODE: A B

ENGLISH NAME: Ethiopia

POPULATION COMPOSITION: oromo 40%, amharic 23%, tigray 9%, sidamo 9%, somali 6%, other 13%

GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 570 (2014)

LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 42 years, women 43 years (2007)

LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, HDI: 0435

LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, POSITION: 173

INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .one

Ethiopia, Republic of Eastern Africa. Unlike almost every other country in Africa, Ethiopia has never been a colony but emerged as a result of the empire's expansion in the latter part of the 1800's. and the early 1900's. From World War II to 1993, Eritrea joined the country.

Ethiopia has been plagued by civil war and failed development policy and is often haunted by drought. During Eritrea's detachment war, many people became internal refugees in the country (so-called IDPs, Internally Displaced Persons). Up to 2000, the country experienced a three-year period of widespread drought; According to WPF, the World Food Program, was over 10 million. people threatened by food shortages. After the end of the war with Eritrea in 2000, many refugees have returned and more areas have received more rain. However, Ethiopia remains one of the last places in the world if the living conditions are measured by the so-called Human Development Index.

Ethiopia - Constitution

Ethiopia Constitution, The Constitution of the Republic of 1994 states that Ethiopia consists of ten states with a federal system of government. The executive power lies with the president, the legislative power at the National Assembly. In addition, a high degree of autonomy has been granted to the individual states, as well as being given a constitutionally legal right to choose to resign from the federation. The background is Ethiopia's many different ethnic groups and the significant contradictions that exist between them.

Ethiopia - Health conditions

Ethiopia - Health conditions, The construction of a health system in Ethiopia has been hampered, especially in rural areas, by repeated periods of drought and wars. Despite health authorities' plans for better water and sanitation conditions, less than 20% had access to clean drinking water and modern sanitation in the early 1990's. Over 50% had more than 10 km to the nearest health center. Maternal and child mortality rates were among the highest in Africa, respectively. over 100 times and approximately 25 times higher than in Denmark. The average life expectancy is very low, but it has increased from 37 years in 1960 to 48 in 1990.

The country's major health problems are infectious and nutrition-related diseases, most frequently diarrhea, respiratory tract infections, tuberculosis, eye and skin diseases, as well as malaria and worm diseases. The incidence of leprosy is declining, while HIV/AIDS is on the rise, as are accidents. In Ethiopia, a special form of tropical parasitic disease occurs leishmaniasis.

Ethiopia - architecture and visual arts

Ethiopia - architecture and visual art, With Ethiopia's Christianity approximately 330-50 a need arose for a new art. Although nothing has been preserved from the earliest period, the import of cult images has certainly been the case, and the earliest church construction shows external influences.

Noteworthy are the churches attributable to Emperor Lalibela of the Zagwed dynasty (1182-1220). They are located in the town of Lalibela in the Lasta area and are carved into the rocks of a reddish tuffstone. In the relief-shaped facades you can see imitations of the building custom from Aksum, where the beam ends were included as a decorative part of the masonry. For centuries, moreover, a basic feature is repeated in the floor plan of the Ethiopian churches, namely the central three-door cubic cell where the altar with the ark is located - a distinct influence of Jewish architecture.

Ethiopian painting, rich in both manuscripts and murals (icons), also has its own character. The figure style is contoured, and the colors few but strong; ribbon braid ornaments are also seen. In the 1600's. In Gondar there was an entire official school where this style flourished, and the Gondar tradition continues to live on in contemporary folk art.

Ethiopia - music

Ethiopia - music Ethiopia's music stands out by being influenced by religious groups such as Copts and Falashas, while transferring the vocal starting point that applies to both African and mixed forms of music to the many musical instruments that characterize the area. Since the 600-h. Ethiopian music has been influenced by Arabic style and scales, and in the 1900's. a modern, media-created urban music has gained in popularity.

 
 
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