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Education in Cameroon

Cameroon - education

Cameroon Education, With the country's many ethnic language communities, language is also a crucial problem in education. Efforts to strengthen the field of education since independence have meant that only approximately 20% of the population is illiterate (2006), which is one of the lowest levels in Africa.

Education in Cameroon

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In the French-language schools, elementary school begins at the age of six and lasts for six years, while the students in the English language begin one year before and attend seven years in primary school. approximately 40% of each year of school leaves primary school before time.

Of the students who complete primary school, approximately 1/3 of a seven-year secondary school of English or French type. Lack of employment opportunities for students from these schools in the 1980's increased the need for vocational schools. 35% of primary and secondary school students attend private, predominantly Catholic schools.

POPULATION

The first university was established in Yaoundé in 1962. Four smaller university centers were added in 1979.

OFFICIAL NAME: Cameroon

CAPITAL CITY: Yaounde

POPULATION: 23,100,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)

AREA: 465,400 km²

OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: English, French, approximately 200 African languages ​​including fula

RELIGION: peoples religions 40%, Christians 40%, Muslims 20%

CURRENCY: CFA

CURRENCY CODE: XOF

ENGLISH NAME: cameroon

INDEPENDENCE: 1960

POPULATION COMPOSITION: bantu approximately 30% (including fang, duala, yaunde and bass), bamileke and bamum 19%, fulani 10%; kanuri, mulwi (musgu), bitches, pygmies; over 200 ethnic groups in total

GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 1426 (2014)

LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 56 years, women 58 years (2014)

LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, HDI: 0504

LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, POSITION: 152

INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .cm

Cameroon, Republic of West Africa. The country was part of a German colony from 1884-1916. After World War I, Britain and France took over this colony under the mandate of the League of Nations and later the United Nations. The eastern French mandate area gained independence in 1960, while the status of the western British territory was established by a referendum in 1961. The vote divided the British territory into two parts; the southern was part of Cameroon while the northern became part of Nigeria.

With Cameroon has experienced considerable economic growth during periods of significant oil production, but has also been plagued by political turmoil, especially in light of the contradictions between the country's northern, traditional and Islamic part and the coastal region's more modern society, oriented towards France.

Cameroon - religion

Cameroon religion, About 25% of the population still belongs to the traditional tribal religions. Christian mission has taken place from 1800-t .; today is approximately 50% of the population are Christians. The Roman Catholic Church is dominant, but there are also large Protestant communities. The northern part of the country is predominantly Muslim (about 25% of the population).

Cameroon - Constitution

Cameroon Constitution, The multi-party system introduced by the 1972 Constitution, but which de facto became a one-party system, was reaffirmed in 1990 by new legislation. The executive rests with the president, who is also the head of state. He is elected for a five-year term by direct election and is eligible for re-election. The legislative power resides with a 180-member, one-member national assembly, which is also elected for a five-year term by direct election.

Cameroon - mass media

Cameroon - mass media, Cameroon mass media is characterized by very strong state control, and there are many examples of incarceration by critical journalists. Separatists in the country's southernmost have used pirate radios to get their message out.

In 2001 Cameroon got its first private broadcaster TV Max. A number of private radio stations have also emerged following the liberalization of telecommunications legislation in 2000. However, the government is still closely monitoring the content in both radio, television and print media. The state-owned CRTV broadcasts radio and television, both nationally and locally.

Cameroon - literature

Cameroon Literature Cameroon's modern literature is French-language and closely linked to the country's history. The first works thus originated from the struggle against French colonial rule. Authors like Mongo Beti and Ferdinand Oyonoportrayed the conditions of the oppressed and often despised Africans; after 1960, the literature deals more with life in the new independent Cameroon. Of great importance to the development of Cameroonian literature was the creation of the publishing house CLE in 1963 in Yaoundé, which created the opportunity for African writers to have their works published and distributed. A large number of French-speaking Africa's best-known authors appeared here for the first time. To the 1950's and 1960's resistance literature, in the 1970's came a new generation of writers with Yodi Karone (b. 1954) as the best known. Francis Bebey's underfunded tales of daily life were very successful. A number of authors with Patrice Kayo (b. 1942) as the most prominent wrote poetry, while the female multi-artistWerewere Liking works with an association of the arts. Throughout the 1980's, the literature reinforced the criticism of society as it had evolved since independence. It was expressed in all literary genres in violent and violent descriptions or in strong satire. Many authors have been persecuted by the rulers who consider this literature subversive. Despite difficult economic conditions, a considerable number of titles have been published each year by Cameroonian writers, and literature is one of the most vital in French-speaking Africa. See also Africa (literature).

Cameroon Theater

Cameroon Theater, Cameroon has despite significant support for modern professional theater several significant playwrights. G. Oyônô-Mbias's (b. 1939) plays reveal great insight into the nature of the theater and are therefore frequently performed, among other things. Trois Prétendants, un mari (1962, Three Sufferers, One Husband).

Werewere Liking works from the traditional theater's focus on rituals. Her pieces, for example, La Puissance de Um (1979, Um's Power), are therefore difficult to read but scenically effective.

Victor Musinga (b. 1943), who writes in a mix of English and Pidgin English, is both an actor, playwright and leader of the popular Musinga Drama Group. Most of his plays are comedies that deal with the lower-middle class struggle against bureaucracy and its exposed position between traditional ancient society and modern Western influence. See also Africa (theater).

 
 
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