Cameroon - education
Cameroon Education, With the country's many ethnic language communities,
language is also a crucial problem in education. Efforts to strengthen the field
of education since independence have meant that only approximately 20% of the
population is illiterate (2006), which is one of the lowest levels in Africa.
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In the French-language schools, elementary school begins at the age of six
and lasts for six years, while the students in the English language begin one
year before and attend seven years in primary school. approximately 40% of each year of
school leaves primary school before time.
Of the students who complete primary school, approximately 1/3 of
a seven-year secondary school of English or French type. Lack of employment
opportunities for students from these schools in the 1980's increased the need
for vocational schools. 35% of primary and secondary school students attend
private, predominantly Catholic schools.
The first university was established in Yaoundé in 1962. Four smaller
university centers were added in 1979.
OFFICIAL NAME: Cameroon
CAPITAL CITY: Yaounde
POPULATION: 23,100,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)
AREA: 465,400 km²
OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: English, French, approximately 200 African languages including fula
RELIGION: peoples religions 40%, Christians 40%, Muslims 20%
CURRENCY CODE: XOF
ENGLISH NAME: cameroon
POPULATION COMPOSITION: bantu approximately 30% (including fang, duala, yaunde and bass), bamileke and bamum
19%, fulani 10%; kanuri, mulwi (musgu), bitches, pygmies; over 200 ethnic groups
GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 1426 (2014)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 56 years, women 58 years (2014)
LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, HDI: 0504
LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, POSITION: 152
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .cm
Cameroon, Republic of West Africa. The country was part of a German colony
from 1884-1916. After World War I, Britain and France took over this colony
under the mandate of the League of Nations and later the United Nations. The
eastern French mandate area gained independence in 1960, while the status of the
western British territory was established by a referendum in 1961. The vote
divided the British territory into two parts; the southern was part of Cameroon
while the northern became part of Nigeria.
With Cameroon has experienced considerable economic growth during periods of
significant oil production, but has also been plagued by political turmoil,
especially in light of the contradictions between the country's northern,
traditional and Islamic part and the coastal region's more modern society,
oriented towards France.
Cameroon - religion
Cameroon religion, About 25% of the population still belongs to the
traditional tribal religions. Christian mission has taken place from 1800-t
.; today is approximately 50% of the population are Christians. The Roman Catholic
Church is dominant, but there are also large Protestant communities. The
northern part of the country is predominantly Muslim (about 25% of the
Cameroon - Constitution
Cameroon Constitution, The multi-party system introduced by the 1972
Constitution, but which de facto became a one-party system, was reaffirmed in
1990 by new legislation. The executive rests with the president, who is also the
head of state. He is elected for a five-year term by direct election and is
eligible for re-election. The legislative power resides with a 180-member,
one-member national assembly, which is also elected for a five-year term by
Cameroon - mass media
Cameroon - mass media, Cameroon mass media is characterized by very strong
state control, and there are many examples of incarceration by critical
journalists. Separatists in the country's southernmost have used pirate radios
to get their message out.
In 2001 Cameroon got its first private broadcaster TV Max. A number of
private radio stations have also emerged following the liberalization of
telecommunications legislation in 2000. However, the government is still closely
monitoring the content in both radio, television and print media. The
state-owned CRTV broadcasts radio and television, both nationally and locally.
Cameroon - literature
Cameroon Literature Cameroon's modern literature is French-language and
closely linked to the country's history. The first works thus originated from
the struggle against French colonial rule. Authors like Mongo Beti and Ferdinand
Oyonoportrayed the conditions of the oppressed and often despised
Africans; after 1960, the literature deals more with life in the new independent
Cameroon. Of great importance to the development of Cameroonian literature was
the creation of the publishing house CLE in 1963 in Yaoundé, which created the
opportunity for African writers to have their works published and distributed. A
large number of French-speaking Africa's best-known authors appeared here for
the first time. To the 1950's and 1960's resistance literature, in the 1970's came
a new generation of writers with Yodi Karone (b. 1954) as the best
known. Francis Bebey's underfunded tales of daily life were very successful. A
number of authors with Patrice Kayo (b. 1942) as the most prominent wrote
poetry, while the female multi-artistWerewere Liking works with an association
of the arts. Throughout the 1980's, the literature reinforced the criticism of
society as it had evolved since independence. It was expressed in all literary
genres in violent and violent descriptions or in strong satire. Many authors
have been persecuted by the rulers who consider this literature
subversive. Despite difficult economic conditions, a considerable number of
titles have been published each year by Cameroonian writers, and literature is
one of the most vital in French-speaking Africa. See also Africa (literature).
Cameroon Theater, Cameroon has despite significant support for modern
professional theater several significant playwrights. G. Oyônô-Mbias's (b. 1939)
plays reveal great insight into the nature of the theater and are therefore
frequently performed, among other things. Trois Prétendants, un mari (1962,
Three Sufferers, One Husband).
Werewere Liking works from the traditional theater's focus on rituals. Her
pieces, for example, La Puissance de Um (1979, Um's Power),
are therefore difficult to read but scenically effective.
Victor Musinga (b. 1943), who writes in a mix of English and Pidgin English,
is both an actor, playwright and leader of the popular Musinga Drama Group. Most
of his plays are comedies that deal with the lower-middle class struggle against
bureaucracy and its exposed position between traditional ancient society and
modern Western influence. See also Africa (theater).