OFFICIAL NAME: Burundi
CAPITAL CITY: Bujumbura
POPULATION: 10,700,000 (Source: COUNTRYaah)
AREA: 25,680 km²
OFFICIAL/OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: rundi, French, Swahili
RELIGION: Catholics 65%, natives religions 19%, Muslims 2%, Protestants 14%
CURRENCY CODE: BIF
ENGLISH NAME: burundi
POPULATION COMPOSITION: hutu 85%, tutsi 14%, two 1%
GDP PER CAPITA INH.: $ 336 (2014)
LIFE EXPECTANCY: men 58.5 years, women 62 years (2015)
LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, HDI: 0389
LIVING CONDITIONS INDEX, POSITION: 180
INTERNET DOMAIN NAME: .bee
Burundi, Republic of Central Africa, forms the southern part of the former
Belgian colony of Rwanda-Urundi. The country's history has been heavily
influenced by the conflict between the two ethnic groups of Hutu and Tutsi.
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Burundi - religion
Burundi - religion, The population is predominantly Catholic, approximately 60% in
1992. The Catholic Church hereby replaces or supplements the traditional
religions that have ancestral worship at its center. Among the Protestant
denominations, the Pentecostal movement is highly placed. It's
about. 2% Muslims.
Burundi - Constitution
Burundi Constitution, In 2004, Parliament passed a new provisional
constitution, which was approved by a referendum in February 2005. The same
year, the first elections were held since 1993.
The executive resides with a president elected by parliament for three years,
but the period is divided equally between a Hutu and a Tutsi. The president is
both the head of state and the head of government and appoints the members of
the government, 30% of whom must be women.
The legislative power lies with a parliament with two chambers. The lower
house, the National Assembly, has approximately 140 members, and it must be made up of
civil society representatives and most of the parties to the peace
agreement. Members are elected in direct elections for five-year terms, and 60%
must be Hutus, 40% Tutsis. The House of Commons, the Senate, continues the
transition period with its current 54 members, also distributed with 60% Hutus
and 40% Tutsis. Then it has to be changed to 34 seats being filled by indirect
elections for a 5-year term, while the remaining 20 are allocated to ethnic
groups and former heads of state.
Burundi - health conditions
Burundi - health conditions, In the 1990's, the health system was
decentralized, but it proved difficult for local communities to improve health
conditions. It was centrally decided to develop vaccination and supply programs
for essential medicines, as well as family planning and AIDS control programs.
Population growth remains high, near 3%, and average life expectancy is 2/3 of
the corresponding Danish. Only approximately 60% of the population have access to
health facilities and only 10% have sufficient good sanitary conditions. It is
reflected by the high incidence of diarrheal diseases,
especially dysentery. Burundi's location in an old mountain area causes a lack
of iodine; Thyroid diseases are therefore common diseases. Changes in the
natural environment, especially due to forest precipitation, have meant that the
malignant malaria parasite has spread. It has caused major epidemics
of malaria. approximately 4% of GDP is spent on health.