Newborns parents often tend to come and check that their baby is still breathing at night. They even prefer to let their child sleep in their room to prevent respiratory arrest and to intervene before it is too late. The failing …
Newborns parents often tend to come and check that their baby is still breathing at night. They even prefer to let their child sleep in their room to prevent respiratory arrest and to intervene before it is too late. The lack of information often makes sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) experience a dreaded. MSN syndrome is the leading cause of death among infants one month to one year and often remains unexplained, despite years of research.
But German scientists may have found a solution with innovative romper they recently developed . This romper has an integrated sensor system that alerts parents when stopping breathing of the child. The base of the sensor system is that it is a scalable system that adapts to the child’s morphology and thus goes virtually unnoticed. It was developed by researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Reliability and Microintegration-IZM Berlin. To demonstrate one of the many applications possible system, scientists have linked to sensors on the market and applied to ironing the whole system on a romper. This allowed them to follow the breath levels of the chest and abdomen.
The circuit is composed of polyurethane (PU). This is a cost effective material generally used in coating surfaces, such as insulation or cushioning material. “The developed system can be produced by conventional industrial processes, which ensures manufacturing high speed and, consequently, good profitability in terms of costs,” commented Manuel Seckel, a researcher at IZM. “Moreover, the components can be positioned exactly as in a normal circuit with stability extensible substrate during the process. What is very different from the textile electronics, where generally a lag of up to five millimeters to half a meter is running. ”
The researchers have overcome a number of challenges to get this as high accuracy. One of them is how to handle and process the PU. “As for stretch fabrics, the PU systems are complex to manufacture machine because they tend to change shape. To counter this, scientists have developed a support system wherein the circuit is placed; thus, the machine treats the media before it was removed, “said Seckel. The method is being tested in different industrial considerations.
Yet the romper is only one of possible applications for these stretchable circuits. For example, the technology can be used for subtle illumination in car roof liners, like little stars on the roof of the car, for example. Similarly, it can be applied in the applied compression bandages for burns. In this case, plasters PU equipped with sensors would assist nurses to find the optimal location for the bandages.
The extensible circuit is also the basis of a patch being developed by medical science to scientists from the Heidelberg University in collaboration with researchers at Babyinger. In the future, doctors will be able to use this system to test kidney function of their patients. So far, the procedure involves injecting a substance that only the kidney can break and then carry out blood samples approximately every 30 minutes over a period of three hours. If the kidney is healthy, he can directly decompose the substance in three hours; otherwise, the samples indicate a slow reduction in the concentration. With a patch circuit PU, a sensor and an LED lamp, doctors can avoid this long procedure and consider themselves the status of the kidney with more precision.
In the traditional procedure, the examination begins with injection of a substance, in this case, an organic dye. The LED lamp can identify one dye which appears by fluorescence, which also allows the sensor integrated into the plaster to locate it. As the dye is decomposed by the kidney, the concentration of the fluorescent radiation decreases. “The patch allows physicians to continuously monitor the concentration of the substance, providing a better diagnosis than the traditional method. Moreover, the test costs can be reduced by 60%, “Mr. Seckel.
Already, clinical test plans have been established, although it would take another three to five years before the patch is used for test the kidney condition, which greatly facilitate the lives of patients and physicians.
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