Welcome to the second trimester of pregnancy, the stage in which you recover your energy, nausea decreased, your belly is barely noticeable, you can still sleep and do your normal activities, and is not so much discomfort.
To start the quarter with the right foot – literally – at 13 weeks of pregnancy, your little begins to move their limbs with greater control, and can even be the finger to the mouth.
- Your baby measures: 3-inch (7.62 cm)
- More or less of the size of: your middle finger (central).
- Weight: one ounce (28.3 grams), more or less the same thing that a slice of square pan or five coins of 25 U.S. cents (quarters)
This week your baby starts to play with his hands and legs. Thanks to the development of their muscles and bones, you already have the ability to move his limbs and up to put the finger in the mouth. His hands and feet also achieve two major goals: your baby already have ankles, wrists and fingerprints.
His eyelids are now closed to protect the eyes of your little during its development.
If you see on an ultrasoundimage, his head is still large as the rest of your body (more or less half of its length is the head), but from this stage initiates a lug and little by little your baby begins to take more normal dimensions.
The external genital of your baby are already visible, although your doctor will probably want to wait as it be distinguished more clearly in an ultrasound (after four months of pregnancy) prior to tell you if you should buy pink or blue.
Other advances in the development of your baby to reach the 13 weeks of pregnancy:
- Their intestines are better located within the abdominal cavity (instead of his umbilical cord).
- Your pancreas starts secreting insulin.
- Dental buds (those “seeds” that will become your teeth) have been formed within the gums, although it will be several months after the birth before they leave.
Reach the thirteen weeks of pregnancy have lower risk of early loss or miscarriage, so you can breathe a little more quiet. In addition, you start the calmer part of your pregnancy, you feel less tired and decrease nausea – in most cases-.
While pregnancy symptoms tend to disappear in the second quarter, some less fortunate women should support them for some more time. Can they extend only a few weeks, but some mothers report feeling bad for months and even throughout the pregnancy.
The most severe cases of nausea in pregnancy can become hyperemesis Gravidarum, a condition in which nausea are persistent and excessive, and may lead to dehydration, malnutrition and the need for hospitalization to the mother. You can know the characteristics of this disease, its symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis and treatment in Hiperemsis Gravidarum: when the nausea in pregnancy are extreme.
The fourth month of pregnancy also marks the start of a second round of pregnancy symptoms. Your vagina begins to secrete leukorrhea, a whitish light flow and with a faint odor (is not very strong, even if it seems due to the super sense of smell that you develop in pregnancy). The function of the vaginal discharge is to protect the vaginal canal of bacteria and infection, and is completely normal. If vaginal discharge becomes large, dense and strong odor and causes you itching or burning, tell your doctor to rule out a vaginal infection. On the other hand, a clear liquid fluid could be amniotic fluid, and this requires immediate attention (more information at: do normal symptoms of pregnancy or warning?) Vaginal).
Usually the second quarter is the time in which pregnant women are beginning to gain weight, especially if nausea prevented it to you in the previous months. Even though you have every right to overeat, do not overdo. In fact, in the second quarter you don’t need more than 300 additional calories a day. More about nutrition and your diet in pregnancy:
- Your pregnancy diet: weight, calories and the ideal menu
- Your pregnancy diet: the nutrients you need
- How distributed is weight in pregnancy?
Regarding the progress of your pregnancy, reaching 13 weeks already the placenta is fully operational, provides your baby of oxygen and nutrients, eliminates waste, and produces the hormones progesterone and estrogen, which helps keep your pregnancy. A curious fact about the placenta: 13 weeks of pregnancy, the placenta weighs more or less the same as your baby (one ounce or 28.3 grams).